Classical conception | SofasDesign — roofing company
The triumph of neo-classical image-making in the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition assured the success of McKim, Mead & White’s classical finesse which from the Rhode-Island State Capitol at Providence (1891–1903) to Columbia University (1893–1902), Pennsylvania Station (1902–11) and the Brooklyn Museum (1893–1915), all in New York, created an image of urban America to be cultivated and reworked by the countless architects trained in the firm’s offices (including such major figures as Cass Gilbert, Henry Bacon, andj. M. Carrere and Thomas Hastings). The publication of A Monograph of the Work of McKim, Mead and White (1915) was to have an influence in American architectural schools into the 1940s, as well as abroad.
The enthusiasm of С. H. Reilly for their work was to have considerable-echoes in English public and commercial architecture, particularly through the Liverpool University School of Architecture. Much disdained by the advocates of the International Style, the urban and architectonic values of McKim, Mead & White’s work have recently found new appreciation among a younger generation of American architects. Mackintosh, Charles Rennie, b. Glasgow 1868, d. London 1928. A resolute adversary of historic revivalism, M. was one of the most important precursors of 20th-century rationalist architecture.
As the leader of the Art Nouveau movement in Great Britain, the Scottish architect made a contribution of fundamental importance in reappraising the role of function in building, expressed in a style which draws often on ancient Celtic ornament and on the cultural traditions of Japan. When he was barely sixteen, M. entered John Hutchinson’s office as an articled pupil; from 1885 he attended evening classes at the Glasgow School of Art. In 1889 he was engaged as a draughtsman in the building firm of J. Honey-man and Keppie, where he remained until 1913 (from 1904 as a partner), and while there he met the architect J. Herbert McNair, his future brother-in-law.
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