April 11: World Parkinson’s Day － the most advanced treatment methods so far
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a gradually developing brain disorder. It affects the black substance neurons, which produce an important neurotransmitter －dopamine. Parkinson’s is typically characterized by the impairment of motor functions and usually develops after 60 years.
Most common symptoms of Parkinson’s disease:
﹣ Tremor while resting;
﹣ Loss of smell;
﹣ Movement disorders;
﹣ Unclear speech;
﹣ Muscle rigidity;
﹣ Emotionless face.
Advanced methods of treatment of Parkinson’s disease
There are many options for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Despite the fact that this pathology isn’t completely curable, some therapies can still alleviate the symptoms.
Traditional medicinal techniques, for example, are usually targeted to stimulate the dopamine activity (Bromocriptine, pramipexole, pergolide, rolinirol agents, L-DOPA). The main advantage of medicinal treatment is its cheaper cost (about $10,000).
Most of the clinics offer innovative techniques, which are more effective and usually demand a surgical intervention. They include:
﹣ Stereotactic ablation (vaporization of the brain tissue);
﹣ Deep brain stimulation (one of the most advanced and safe methods of brain cells stimulation);
﹣ Harmonic scalpel (treatment of uncontrolled tremor through ultrasonic waves);
﹣ Transplant of stem cells.
Process of the DBS treatment
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is worth highlighting because it gives fast and reliable effect in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease and other neurological disorders. DBS is a safe procedure, which requires minimum surgical invasion.
Before starting the DBS treatment you should mind several contraindications, such as:
﹣ age (above 75 years);
﹣ sensitivity to levodopa agent;
﹣ severe chronic illnesses;
﹣ memory problems;
﹣ on-off phenomenon;
﹣ mental disorders.
The whole operation lasts for 5–7 hours and involves 2 stages. The 1st stage: under local anesthesia a physician inserts an electrode into the brain to stimulate its specific nuclei. The 2nd stage: under general anesthesia the electrode is connected to the stimulator, which is further put into the patient’s chest.
The main benefits of this method are:
﹣ improving quality of life of patients with Parkinson’s disease (85%);
﹣ only 2% possibility of complications.
Free consultation from Bookimed
The International Patients Support Center Bookimed is ready to assist you in the Parkinson’s treatment in various countries. Bookimed doctor-coordinators arrange the most suitable treatment in the selected clinic and support a patient at all its stages.