Django — Step 7
Database Model Shema
We are continuing from step 6
Here is the reference documentation provided by Django for models:
Model field reference | Django documentation | Django
Avoid using on string-based fields such as and . If a string-based field has , that means it has two possible values…
With the display_1 app we created, we need to design a database model for the items we are going to display.
For this model, we will need:
- The title of the item
- A category that it might belong to
- A quick description
- A more in-depth description
- Additional related information
- External reference links
- The main image
- Multiple supplementary images
- Date of upload of item
Django doesn't have Image uploading capabilities built-in by default, but the Pillow module does. Let's install pillow via pip:
pip install pillow
Now we can create this model, open the display_1/models.py file
At the top of the file below the from django.db import models line import datetime
from django.db import models
then we can put our item model below that:
title = models.CharField(max_length=200)
description_1 = models.TextField(blank=True)
description_2 = models.TextField(blank=True)
description_3 = models.TextField(blank=True)
reference_link = models.TextField(blank=True)
photo_main = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos/%Y/%m/%d')
photo_1 = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos/%Y/%m/%d', blank=True)
photo_2 = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos/%Y/%m/%d', blank=True)
photo_3 = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos/%Y/%m/%d', blank=True)
photo_4 = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos/%Y/%m/%d', blank=True)
photo_5 = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos/%Y/%m/%d', blank=True)
photo_6 = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos/%Y/%m/%d', blank=True)
is_published = models.BooleanField(default=datetime.now, blank=True)
list_date = models.DateTimeField(default=datetime.now, blank = True)
We are defining a class titled item. We have defined a title, 3 description areas, an external reference link, The main photo, 6 supplementary images, the listing date, and a boolean option we will use to publish and unpublish the item.
the Django documentation explains in detail the options we use for the definitions. CharField, TextField, ImageField, BooleanField, and DateTimeField all have different requirements in their use.
at the end of the class, is another definition:
This tells the Django admin what definition to display, in this case, it is the title.
Save the models.py file and from your terminal run the makegrations command:
python manage.py makemigrations
If there are any misspellings or other errors the makemigrations command will let you know. A brief description and a path to a new migration file added to the migrations directory is what is returned in the terminal if everything goes correctly.
Then we run the migration to the database:
python manage.py migrate
If you make any changes to the model in the future, just run The makemigrations and migrate commands again and the model will be adjusted in the database.
You can use DBeaver and view your newly defined model
djdemo > Shemas > public > display_1_item
Now is also a good time to delete the db.sqlite3 file in your project root directory. This is the default database file provided by Django and we will not be using it.
In the next step, we will explore the admin area Django provides and also upload some content to the database.