photo by Emerging Birder

Management tips from Sun Tzu

If you plan to read only one book on management, forget all of the recently published bestsellers and read Sun Tzu - The Art of War.

Back in the days people believed in the geocentric model of the universe, then Copernicus tried to explain that not everything revolves around Earth. And he had to be burned for that. Later, people finally accepted heliocentrism as a scientific fact, but deep down inside majority of people see the universe as a “egocentric” system. And even though Palahniuk said it well in Fight Club, we still believe we are each a unique snowflake, special and different. Everything starts and ends with us.

Well… In reality, most of the things were thought of, done and said long before we came along. The context was perhaps different, the platform too, but the essence was the same. We just have to learn to project the wisdom and prevent the mistakes older ones made.

We are at war people. We fight for the good life we want to live, because there isn’t enough for everyone, and only the brave, the strong and the wise will get what they want. Each of us leads an army, and even though some of them have only one soldier they can still be magnificent.

When it comes to management, the military doctrine evolved throughout centuries, and there were many great leaders, but only a few are still remembered. The reason for that is that they were the originals. You can learn from each and every one of them, but be aware that it is only worth it if you properly apply it in practice. So give your best try.

Sun Tzu wrote the Art of War some 25 centuries ago, and in this short book, he wrote all the lessons you need to know about managing your troops or team. To tease the ones who haven’t read this masterpiece, and motivate the rest to get back to it when in doubt about something, I’ve prepare a few management tips and tricks from the ancient Chinese general

  1. The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting.
  2. Appear weak when you are strong, and strong when you are weak.
  3. Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win.
  4. All warfare is based on deception.
  5. Keep your friends close, and your enemies closer.
  6. A leader leads by example, not by force.
  7. Opportunities multiply as they are seized.
  8. Strategy without tactics is the slowest route to victory. Tactics without strategy is the noise before defeat.
  9. When the enemy is relaxed, make them toil. When full, starve them. When settled, make them move.
  10. Build your opponent a golden bridge to retreat across.
Can you imagine what YOU would do if YOU could do all YOU can?
Next Story — “O Captain! My Captain!”
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“O Captain! My Captain!”

Nemanja Vidić, Manchester United captain

A couple of weeks ago we celebrated 10 years from a very magical moment in history of Manchester United. Nemanja Vidić was signed in winter 2006. from Spartak Moscow. Then 25 year old Serb rejected the offer from Liverpool, and decided to go to Sir Matt Busby Way. I am sure that the fans on Theater of Dreams weren’t convinced that this guy would end up being one of the greatest defenders in the world.

We did.

We were 100% certain. There wasn’t a single doubt in our minds. This guy was something special. A true warrior, in the most honorable sense of that word. Always ready to go the extra mile. Willing to put his head on the line. A guy who always makes a difference, and never ever gives up.

It wasn’t easy, and it took some time… but, boy oh boy, when the time finally came.

He became Ferguson’s ultimate weapon. True authority on the pitch. A single force capable of stopping anyone and anything. Feared and respected by the opponents, loved and honored by teammates and worshiped by the fans.

He could even score. It wasn’t his job, but he could do it, and usually did it when the team needed it the most. When he was healthy, he was the one constant you can always count on.

And that is how you become the captain of the greatest football club in the world.

Tomorrow, 30th of January will be three full years since my first, and so far the only visit to Theater of Dreams. From a seat right behind our goal, I had a chance to admire my fellow countryman, who I’ve seen so many times in Red Star jersey. He led the defence. And we won.

That season the last Premiership title was won. Sir Alex left, and the following year so did Nemanja. Soon, Giggs, Scholes and Ferdinand retired.

Nemanja retired today at the age of 34. The wounds took their toll. If you ask him, he’d tell you it was worth it.

Because that is how you become immortal.

Next Story — The untold tale of brothers and sisters who wrote the history of tennis
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The untold tale of brothers and sisters who wrote the history of tennis

Serena and Venus Williams

When we say brothers or sisters in the same sentence with tennis, the first association is, of course, Venus and Serena Williams. Indeed, the two had written the last 15 years of (female) tennis history. Other players have had a chance only if the sisters were out of form or injured. But they are not the only ones. In fact, there are many successful brothers and sisters in this beautiful game.

This is the story of some of them.

Bob and Mike Bryan

There are Bob and Mike Bryan. Doubles specialists with more than 100 titles. Team that dominated the ATP doubles list for the last 12 years.

Michael Chang, the youngest ever Grand Slam champion has an older brother Carl, who was a very talented junior (winning against Sampras for example) but decided to put his US Berkeley scholarship to good use. Later they played some doubles, and Carl coached Michael for a few years.

William Renshaw in the late 19th century, won 7 titles at Wimbledon, and his brother Ernest won another one.

John and Pat McEnroe

John McEnroe spent 170 weeks at number 1. His brother Patrick is 7 years younger and never reached those heights, but he reached 28th place in ATP rankings in singles; and in doubles he won the Grand Slam and was ranked third in the world. More recently, he led the US Davis Cup team.

Jelena Jankovic has no sibling who is a tennis player, and has never won a Grand Slam singles title, although she was number 1. However, there is a Wimbledon title-holder with his name. For it was credited her partner in the mixed doubles — the older brother of Andy Murray — Jamie. He never achieved good results in singles, but in doubles and mixed doubles he did well.

In the history of Belgian tennis, golden letters are reserved for Christophe and Olivier Rochus. Christophe, the older and taller brother was a Top 50 player, and Olivier was somewhat more successful and ranked the best at 24th place, and there are two titles next to their name. For years, both were among the shortest players on the tour (170 and 165cm).

Marat Safin and Dinara Safina

Marat and Dinara Safina are the only ones who were No. 1 in singles on the ATP and WTA rankings. He won two Grand Slam titles, she lost all three of her singles Grand Slam finals. However, there she won one title in women’s doubles.

Black family also won many titles, but only in the doubles competition. Wayne, Byron and Cara have won more than 100 titles combined. Byron was also around the 25th place on the ATP list, and Cara was around the 30th. However, in the doubles they all were no. 1. The brothers withdrew, and Cara is still playing, and recently was the Number 1 female doubles player.

A similar story is played out among the Sanchez family. Javier, Emilio and Arantxa have reigned in both doubles and singles. Javier has reached the 23rd place of the ATP list, Emilio was 7, and Arantxa, four Grand Slam singles champion, was Number 1.

Vijay Amritraj with his brothers Anand and Ashok led India to two Davis Cup finals. Unfortunately they did not win the championship. Vijay was a top 16 player in the world, Anand came to no. 74., and the youngest Ashok never entered the top on 200.

Agnieszka Radwanska was a Wimbledon finalist and world No. 2 and her sister Urszula was a big talent as well. She was a junior Wimbledon champion, but in the senior competition still has not managed to break into the top. She reached the 29th place on the ATP list a few years ago, and is now out of the top 100.

Andy and Jamie Murray

Tracy Austin was No. 1 in the Eighties, and her brother John was No. 40 in the world. Together, they won several titles in mixed doubles, including Wimbledon in 1980, and were the first brother and sister who managed to do so. Their brother Jeff was the No. 52 player in the world, and their siste Pam also played professionally, but wasn’t as successful.

Austrian player Jürgen Melzer was world no. 8 in singles, and no. 6 in doubles. During his career he won 5 singles titles, and 13 doubles titles, including doubles Wimbledon (which he also won in mixed doubles) and US Open. His younger brother Gerald reached no. 140 in singles.

Anastasia Rodionova played for Russia until 2009 and now competes for Australia. She is usually around 200th place in the rankings, and her best result was 65th place. Her seven-year younger sister Arina is also representing Australia since 2014 and the best result of her 157th place a few years ago.

Bondarenko sisters

There are also sisters Bondarenko — Kateryna (29th place), Valeria (outside top 500) and Alona (19th place). Kateryna and Alona in 2008 won the Australian Open in the women’s doubles.

Adriano Panatta won the 1976 Roland Garros, and his brother Claudio has played professionally and reached the No. 46th ATP list.

Barry Moir won the first junior Roland Garros in doubles, but as the senior did not have much success. He was the 92nd player in the world, and his brother Kevin rose to to No. 162.

Sammy Giammalva, a junior, was the 28th player in the world, and his brother Tony’s top ranking was No. 70 on the ATP list.

Anca Barna was the world No. 46, and her sister Adriana Barna could not do better than No. 180.

Marcel Granollers was the 19th player in the world in singles, and in doubles he recorded great results. His younger brother Gerard could not do better than 179th on ATP list.

Jensen brothers

Luke Jensen and his brother Murphy won the 1993 Roland Garros in doubles, Luke and mixed doubles played several Grand Slam finals.

Richard Krajicek won Wimbledon in 1996, in the middle of the Sampras era. He was the fourth best player in the world, and won 17 titles. His stepsister Michaëlla, 18 years his junior, was the no. 30th player of the world and has won three WTA titles and played quarter finals at Wimbledon 2007.

That year, when Krajicek became the champion in the finals he defeated MaliVai Washington. His biggest achievement was 11th place in the rankings, and his younger sister (by 7 years), Mashona, was 50th in the WTA rankings.

Mario Ancic was a child prodigy when he appeared. In the ATP rankings progressed to 7th place, aged only 20, and he played the semifinals of Wimbledon, and won the bronze medal at the Olympics. At 21 he won the Davis Cup. However, injuries and illness have made that there is far from brilliant career as he deserved. His sister, Sanja was top 10 junior and senior competition came to 159 seats. The older brother Ivica, was about the top 400 player on ATP list, and after the end of his career he coached several players.

Ernest Gulbis was the 10th player in the world. His seven years younger sister Laura Gulbe failed yet to break into the Top 500 on the WTA list.

Kristina Kucova and Zuzana and were both in the vicinity of the Top 100. Kristina won the junior US Open in 2007 although it was not a carrier.

Pliskova twins

Karolina Pliskova the world number 12, and her sister Kristýna got to the 86th on the WTA list. Karolína won the junior Australian Open in 2010 and Kristýna won junior Wimbledon that same year.

The brothers Sandy and Gene Mayer won the doubles title at Rolland Garros in 1979. Sandy was the seventh player in the world, and Gene rose to 4th place in the eighties.

Ecuadorian Nicolas Lapentti was the 6th player in the world, and his brother Giovanni came to no. 110 on the ATP list.

Magdalena Maleeva was Monica Seles’ opponent when she was attacked in Hamburg. Magdalena is the youngest of three sisters. She was the fourth player of the world, Katerina was No. 6 and the oldest Manuela nN. 3 in the world.

Tim and Tom Gullikson were identical twins. Top 5 players in doubles and in singles Tim was the 15th player in the world, and Tom no. 34. Tom was the champion of the US Open in mix doubles in 1984. partnering with Manuela Maleeva.

Barbara Jordan won the singles title at the Australian Open in 1979, and her sister Kathy played the final four years later. Barbara was the 37th player of the world, and Kathy had reached the 5th place WTA list.

Chris Evert won everything. 157 titles, 18 Grand Slam titles. However, her sister Jeanne was one of the most talented juniors in the world and brother John has won prestigious tournaments in the under 12 and 14 years. However, in the senior competition, only Chris has left a serious mark on the game.

Cliff Richey was the 6th player in the world, and he also won two Davis Cups with America. His sister Nancy was the second player of the world and double Grand Slam champion in singles. In 1969, when he won the first Davis Cup, and she won the Fed Cup with the national team.

Sonchat Ratiwatana and his brother Sanchai are the best players in Thailand and rose together to the top 40 in doubles.

Djordje, Marko and Novak Djokovic

María Paulina Pérez and her sister Paula Andrea Pérez played for the Colombian Fed Cup team, but when it comes to the rankings did not have any noticeable success. However, both the 1996 year, there is time.

Antonella and Adriana Serra Zanetti represented Italy during the 2000s. Adriana was 38 among players of the world, and Antonella reached 60th place.

Helena Suková was the fourth player of the world, and her brother Cyril Suk was a doubles specialist and US Open champion in 1998 paired with Sandon Stolle. Paired with her sister, he won four Grand Slams in mixed doubles.

In the end, there is Novak Djokovic. His younger brothers Marko and Djordje played previous years on the ITF tour, and occasionally at ATP tournaments in doubles with their famous brother.

____________

The original article was published in Serbian language on leading sport news website in Serbia / Sportske.net

Next Story — Time is What You Make Out of It
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Time is What You Make Out of It

Talent and creativity, combined with persistence and a desire to make something you really believe in, always lead to great things. Damjan Stankovic has joined his designing talent with a long-lasting passion for mechanics, and created Rhei, a unique clock in which time literally flows.

Before we find out more about Rhei, we need to figure out who is Damjan Stankovic?

I was born in 1984 in Belgrade, Serbia, and ever since I was a child I was much into mechanics. When I got my first LEGO Technic set it was a real revelation for me. In addition to devices I made following the instructions received with the set, I also made my own combinations — my mother claims that I could sit and play with these building blocks all day, and not even say a single word. In elementary school I discovered that I was also very good in drawing, so I enrolled into an art class, but a burning desire to find a connection between art and technology was always there in the back of my mind.

So I made first steps in computers-aided graphic design and posted all of my work on the Internet. I was quickly noticed by some experienced professionals and started to receive first professional design assignments, although I was still in elementary school. Due to the unstable situation in Serbia I spent a few years living in the United States, where I attended Brooklyn Tech in NYC. After I finished high school I enrolled in Graphic Design at the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade, and focused on specific areas of design, such as interface design and user experience.

How did you end up working on such an unusual project?

Although I had many satisfied clients, I often didn’t find my design work challenging enough. To be able to find my future calling I had to look into the past, so I remembered my LEGOs and that made me realize I want to focus more on projects that combine design with technology. I was very much attracted to industrial design, but unfortunately there was very little space in the local market for such a professional, so I had to look further. I quickly realized that I must have a clear goal, and after a while I came upon the Red Dot Award, the leading industrial design competition. I developed some ideas and concepts that have been hanging around my head for years, sent a dozen applications and was very surprised when they told me that I had won four awards and that I should come to the awarding ceremony in Singapore.

After this international success I continued to work on design projects at some very interesting US-based startups, but something still bothered me. People I worked with were great, and the projects were amazing, but after a year of working on a same project, I felt I needed to try something new. In addition to that, I constantly encountered people who were postponing their dreams, because their 9–5 job doesn’t allow them to dedicate enough time and achieve those dreams. And I realized that, even though I have a great job that allows me to buy anything I want, I have so many ideas that I want to work on, and that makes me unhappy. The idea was to launch my own line of products, which should be a mix of craftsmanship, high quality industrial design and unique art. With all this in mind, the idea to create this clock became much clearer about a year ago.

Lack of technology knowledge is not an obstacle

Why a clock where the time “flows”?

The idea for this particular type of clock came as a result of my interest in ferrofluid, this interesting magnetic liquid that I came upon on the Internet. About four years ago I ordered the first batch and began to test its behavior, because its ability to move and change shape under the influence of magnetic forces is really fascinating. The easiest way to utilize this was to form numbers, and after that it was easy to conclude that a clock could be a great idea. I sketched the scheme of electromagnets that were to move the liquid and form numbers, ordered everything I needed and achieved the initial results, but I wasn’t satisfied with how the device was performing. The mechanism was using too much energy, it overheated, and it definitely wasn’t the product that I wanted it to be.

It was clear that a better effect can be achieved by using a complicated mechanical structure, but that required far more engineering knowledge than I had at that moment, so I went back to my regular graphic design work. After I finished a big two-year project I decided to try to overcome all the obstacles I encountered, and tried to find people who will be able to help me. It all went very slow and very soon I realized that I have to devote myself to it fully and learn everything needed to create this clock.

What were the biggest challenges during the development of this never before seen device?

It was necessary to tryout many alternatives with different technologies. I tried to move the ferrofluid with solenoids, and it worked but did not offer the animated fluid movement on which I insisted. After that I tried with servo motors, but they were too noisy. Besides that, ordering test equipment from abroad was a particular problem, because delivery takes more than a month and if you order more than two pieces you can have a big problem with the customs authorities. In the final design Rhei has 28 stepper motors, so any structural changes to the design required weeks of waiting for new types of test devices and persuasion with the customs that the goods were for personal use.

So I started using parts from existing devices to test concepts that I had in mind. One of the test stepper motors came out from an old CD-ROM drive, but it was not strong enough to move the magnets used to influence the ferrofluid so that it forms a desired shape. I’ve used components from many disassembled electronic devices, while some of the parts came as an unexpected discovery, such as surgical needles that I used for manipulating ferrofluid, for which I accidentally realized that they would be ideal as a shaft along which the magnets move.

At the beginning I used acrylic polycarbonate to create the clock’s housing, but it proved to be a material that can’t be processed accurately enough for this purpose. The alternative was aluminum, but in order to prepare the project documentation for the processing of aluminum parts on CNC machines I needed to make the technical drawings first. I had absolutely no experience in that, so I had to spend a few weeks learning how to use CAD software solutions before I could proceed with the development of the clock. At the end I made the first set that outputs a number, and it worked exactly as I had imagined. The next challenge was to make three more number sets, assemble them together and form a working system for a clock, together with all the associated electronics.

I asked around in order to find people that could help me in areas in which I had little or no skills. Even though contacts came through direct, personal recommendations, I saw the passion for creating something new in only a couple of them and so I worked only with them, because the results that came from others were often terrible. That’s why I had to learn a bunch of new things and techniques myself in order to finalize the design in line with my ideas and vision. However, in time I found a few hardworking people who helped me a lot, from which I would like to mark off Marko Pavlovic, who has created everything related to electronics for the Rhei clock.

How can someone who is a professional designer learn all about mechanics, electronics, magnets, ferrofluid movement, and in the end choose the right elements to run it all?

The whole process demanded a lot of learning about things I previously knew very little or nothing about. Fortunately, the Internet can help you a lot, so I spent days reading piles of documentation on stepper motors, finding out how they work, what are the specifics, I watched many YouTube tutorials, examined alternatives, studied about them too… Practically all of the components can be ordered online from China, but the bigger question was exactly what to order and why that particular part. Of course, I’ve discussed many aspects of the project with close friends and some of them helped me a lot with advice and specific engineering or programming knowledge. Only when you have enough knowledge you can see things from another perspective, so now, when I finished the first prototype of the clock, I realize that I could have maybe made it in a different way, easier and faster. But it doesn’t really matter anymore.

What I really felt good about is that I worked on something with my hands, created something new and did not spend my time staring at the computer screen. Nothing can match the excitement you feel when you collect all the necessary parts and start building a brand new device. It doesn’t matter if it doesn’t work at first, you can always try again, but it is important that you’ve created something real and you’ve learned something new. And in the end, you get to feel the excitement when you turn on for the first time something you made with your own two hands and it works exactly the way you wanted. Nothing can beat that feeling.

Practice makes perfect

The final design of the clock differs somewhat from the initial one. What are the differences and why did you have to make them?

They are not substantial, but there are many details that differ from the original ones. For example, I wanted to separate each number into its own chamber, so that ferrofluid is easily accessible and you can almost touch it, because it can add a lot to the magic of the whole device. Unfortunately, that was not possible with the materials I originally used, and after numerous attempts and improvisations with plastic materials I had to shift to using glass, as a logical but not an easy choice. In addition to a very difficult casting process for the glass housing, the two buttons in the middle used to set the clock posed a new challenge — they pass directly through the glass chamber in which the ferrofluid is held, and drilling the glass in that place is really difficult and complicated.

Ferrofluid behaved much better in a glass housing, but the movement was not smooth enough, so I continued experimenting with its density until I came to the right ratio that was able to create an animation with each change of form that shows the exact time. It was very important to me that all the elements fit properly, both functionally and visually, and that’s why I tried all combinations several times until I came to the final appearance of the device. That’s why the setup buttons are made of anodized aluminum and the clock’s case is made of wood.

The first final Rhei clock is here now. What’s the next step?

Although I have invested a lot of time and effort and managed to make a specimen that works exactly the way I wanted, I’m not sure what I would like to do as the next step. I wish that this first functional device finds its place in a museum of modern art, as it has achieved exactly what I wanted — to bring together art and technology into a single device. I’d be satisfied if someone comes to see it and it makes him smile. Perhaps it would be a good idea to mass produce it, so that this smile comes to faces of many more people, but at this point I’m not sure how this would be achieved, because apart from purely business issues that there are still unresolved technical challenges which could complicate manufacturing. And I already love my clock as it is, and I think it’s perfect.

And now, after another year of learning, I think I am ready for new challenges.

Official website of Rhei: HelloRhei.com

Official website of Damjan Stanković: DamjanStanković.com
Showcase of former projects: Relogik.com

Authors: Vladimir Cerić, Ivan Minić
Photos: Stefan Đaković
Originally published on MojaFirma.rs (in Serbian)

Next Story — So, your Wordpress got hacked?
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So, your Wordpress got hacked?

Or, if not, aren’t you afraid it might be?

Wordpress is an amazing platform. A platform we all seem to love and adore. It has a great community, a ton of wonderful and rich themes — free and paid, it’s can be easily expended in so many ways, and just about anyone who ever sat in front of the computer can use it without any training.

But as Spiderman teaches us — with great power comes great responsibility!

Whenever something is this popular it becomes a magnet for people who want to take advantage. In the last couple of years Wordpress has become the most popular target for hackers.

And it just isn’t enough to keep everything up to date anymore. There are no guarantees that you are safe, and the only thing you can do is do your best to prevent problems by carefully selecting a theme or a plugin you want to use. Even the big ones, used on thousands and even millions of installations can be a source of a problem.

So, what should you do to prevent it from happening to your WordPress site?

1. Keep everything updated. It is common knowledge, and I already mentioned it before, but I cannot emphasize this enough.

2. Do frequent backups. You never know when a problem might occur, and you can always automate the backup process, even if your host doesn’t support it through their system.

3. Use safe e-mails and strong passwords. Make sure your password is not something easy to guess, and do the same with the security of your e-mail. Two step authentication is also advised.

4. Change the URL of your admin page and login. This is easy to do, and it will prevent brute force attacks on your login forms.

5. Change database prefix from wp_ to something else. Everybody just assumes that default settings are still in place; this way you can minimize the risk.

6. Hide your Wordpress version. Become stealth. Here is how you do it. If it’s not up to date, and there is an exploit for a specific version, you can slip under the radar.

7. Install only plugins listed on the WordPress repository. It is always ideal develop something custom-fitted exactly to your needs, but since that takes a lot of time, money and skill, people usually decide to go with free or cheap alternative. A lot of plugins are available all around the Internet, but the statistic show that those which are not on Wordpress.org are much more likely to cause you troubles then the ones listed.

8. Remove all unused plugins and themes. Even if it’s not active, as long as it is on your server, can still be the source of a problem. Keep everything streamlined and use only what is necessary.

9. Supercharge your .htaccess with tweaks. There are a bunch of neat tweaks you can implement, so be sure to check them out.

10. Follow what is new on Sucuri. It is the ultimate source for security information and news about exploits. Be sure to subscribe or follow.

This is all great, but …

I already have a problem and I need to solve it, and solve it fast!

Huh… It’s a tough one, but we must not give up without a fight! Every hack is different, but there are some things you should do right away.

  1. Contact your host and tell them about the problem. Sometimes even though you got hit the problem might be someone else on the same server. Even if that is not the case, they have someone who can help you along with the problems.
  2. Logon to your FTP and try figuring out what the hell happened. Usually you will be able to trace what has changed since before the incident. Depending on the type of the hack, different areas have been affected. If you're not perfectly confident with trying to clean things up (and even if you are there is a strong chance you will end up doing it over and over again in near future), just try to understand what caused it. Once you know at least some of the details you can Google the scenario and perhaps learn bit more. This is crucial for preventing reoccurrence.
  3. Check out your backups and if there is anything newer and important extract it from a current database. If you do your backups frequently maybe you won’t need to do anything about it, it might be a good idea to open a text editor and simply copy-paste the missing stuff. Why?
  4. Delete the infected intallation and database. It is next to impossible to clean the installation. Even if you do among thousands of files there's a great chance something might slip through your fingers. Even if just one file remains infected, you’ll continue to experience problems.
  5. Change the passwords and access data. Well, now is about time you should start changing the sensitive data starting with your primary email and ending it with changing the access data for the hosting.
  6. Do a clean WordPress instalation, fresh download from the official site. This way you can be sure that the core is clean, and you can build up on it. If you are certain that your backup has not been compromised (and be sure to check, especially if you have an idea what it might be from the initial examination) you can start restoring stuff. Import your database, download fresh copies of your plugins and use them instead of the ones from backup, and ideally do the same with your theme. If something was heavily customized you can try using the original files. If the problem reappears this source is among them, if not woohoo!
  7. Update the profile for all Wordpress users with high privileges. If you have more than one administrator you should be sure to change username and password each and everyone and make sure that they check and change their email passwords.

A few general tips to consider:

Usually the source of the problem is either in the theme or the plugins. Sometimes it can be hidden among other files as a legitimate looking filename (for example wp-comment-post.php) Other times you may find it hidden among uploads. It is even common to inject a bunch off encrypted code at the start or the end of otherwise legit files. In these cases good thing is that you can track these down looking at file size and the date of the latest update. However, it is almost certain that, even if you spend enormous amount of time, you will not end up cleaning each and every infected file, and if you don't it will spread again. This is why he strongly suggest that you go with a clean install and from scratch.

One more thing to consider for the end — if you have one hosting account and many websites sharing the resources a problem with one of them might spread across all. If this happens it can be a major problem and you should consider separating at least the most important ones from the rest.


If you aren’t confident about doing this on your own, the problem keeps repeating, or you want help from the pros, I can recommend getting in touch with Cybertec Security. The company specializes in Wordpress Hardening. Their experienced team will help you in no time.

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