The Downfall of China and the Rise of Inner Asian & Cathaysian Nations
If today’s Egyptians worship Amun again and the Italians regard Romans as their ancestors, it will be nothing but a joke, as modern Egyptians had racially replaced the ancient Egyptians, and modern Italians are the offsprings of Germanic people, which has nothing to do with the Ancient Romans.These things have already been seen as common sense. However, if today’s “Chinese people” are told that they must revive the “Chinese Civilization”, reiterating the notion of the “Chinese Nation” — which was constructed sloppily a little more than a century ago, mind you — many cannot but be intoxicated by the fabricated ethos. As a saying goes, “Pure white clothes cannot keep themselves away from being dyed by dark inks.”
Now, countless archaeological evidences have fully proved the foreign origin of the “Chinese Civilization”: Western Asian civilization, taking two separate routes, one from Central Asia into the Yellow River Plain, the other from South Asian into Bashulia, developed into distinctive civilization systems.Different ways of transmission lead to significantly different outcomes: The civilization and techniques entering Bashulia from South Asia is mainly bronze metallurgy and crop cultivation. It is represented by Sanxingdui which is fundamentally different from the civilization in Central China Plain.This branch of civilization mainly consists of material production, which has absorbed the civilizational niche and geographical factors of South Asia, so we see exquisite bronzes and large population accumulation areas in Sanxingdui. Yet undeveloped state violence organizations is the Achilles’ Heel of this civilization. Together with less fluent technical input route from South Asia comparing to that from Central Asia to Yellow River Valley, these factors became source of disasters of being annexed by the North in the future.
Different from Sanxingdui, the prosperity of Central Plain Civilization is based on several techniques which were transmitted from Central Asia to Yellow River Valley:
First, the wheat. Minyue, Gansu Province is discovered as the earliest place in East Asia to have wheat cultivation, while all cultivable and edible wheats in the world are originated in West Asia. This important discovery suggests the ultimate origin of the wheat, based on which the Central Plain Civilization which was lacking of food crops catched up with South China which had high production of food crops.
Second, chariot technology. It is also originated in West Asia; Nomadic peoples in Central Asia spreaded it to the Central Plain after they had mastered the technique.Utilizing the powerful chariots, the Shang people who came from the West conquered the Central Plains. During Zhou people’s triumph over Shang, Zhou and Guifang formed a coalition and used the same chariots to beat Shang. This coalition appeared in the west of Shang, which suggests the close ties of the route of technical input from Central Asia.
Third, writing system. The Cuneiform was invented in West Asia about 6,000 years ago, and was propagated to Yellow River Valley from Central Asia. Some 3,300 year ago, it was adopted by Shang and the Oracle Script was formed.The false history of “Cangjei’s Creation of the Writing System” was proposed during the Spring and Autumn Period and is without sufficient evidence.
The emergence of these technologies is an important symbol of transition from tribe to state. And the technical input route from Central Asia was coupled with much violence; the establishment of Shang Dynasty (The so-called “Xia Dynasty” is but a primitive tribal alliance) and Battle of Muye are both armed colonization by Central Asian people from west to east. The intensive violent conflicts stimulated the development of violence organizations of Central Plain civilizations, while the North with low crop production is bound to go southward constantly and seize more grains.
For the Chinese Civilization, the influence of Central Asian technology input can never be exaggerated.The saying by Sima Qian “Uprisings usually first appeared in the Southeast but the final winners are often from the Northwest” reveals the secret: In Spring and Autumn Period, the states of Qin and Zhao competed in learning techniques from Central Asia, such like “Mouted archery in Babarians’ clothing” by King Wuling of Zhao; The two great powers of the northwest are both close to Central Asian technology input routes and became the only two comparable rivals during late Warring States Period, while the state of Chu and most eastern states became sidekicks.
After the summary collapse of Qin, Han Dynasty unified the Cathaysian World, but was still technically underdeveloped comparing to the Huns. Emperor Wu was shocked when he saw the sword of the Huns brought by the envoy and thus had to send Zhang Qian to “penetrate” Central Asia to obtain advanced steel smelting technology. The reason why Huns maintained technological advantages to Han Dynasty was that they obtained superb products from Western Asia through the technical input route from Central Asia.Another big technical advantage of the Huns is horse breeding: Excellent horse breeds can only be obtained through thremmatology, which was impossible for agricultural East Asian civilization to master independently. Emperor Wu of Han’s craving for the Ferghana Horse can be interpreted as a typical process through which agricultural East Asian civilization learned horse breeding techniques from Central Asia, because Ferghana horses, due to their limited numbers, would degrade after mating with local horses after a generation or two.
From Shang Dynasty to Zhou Dynasty, the intruder from western Asia finally formed a relatively independent Chinese Civilization which growed mature in the Spring and Autumn Period, later formed unified empires of Qin and Han, and finally died in the “Invasion of Five Major Barbarian Hordes”.This stage can be regarded as the period during which Classical China rose to prosperity and decline.Emperor Yuan of Liang cried to the world in despair:” From tonight, civil and military arts will be no more.”This marks the official end of the legal constitution of Han and Wei empires. China had changed herself into Cordyceps.
The obvious “barbarian” blood lineage of Sui and Tang empires completed the population replacement in senses of culture and race. The Guanlong Aristocratic Group once again played the role of Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Zhao dynasties by controlling the technical input route from Central Asia and conquering agricultural centers and tax resources in the Yangtze Delta.Although rulers of Sui and Tang empires were willing to accept Chinese civilization and use Chinese surnames, Emperor Taizong of Tang’s love for the title “Tengri Khan” undoubtedly reveals the “barbaric” nomad nature; Different from the dual ruling system of Qing Empire on Central Asia and 18 Chinese provinces, at that time, the “barbarians” still regarded Chinese Emperor as the most noble title.
The conquest of barbarians saved Chinese Civilization in her deathbed. Just like as barbarian armies in late Roman Empire who guard garrisons in Britannia and Germanic forests, the barbarian mercenaries that were bribed by the money from the Central Plains and Yangtze Delta enthusiastically fought to the death with China’s neighboring great powers such like Koguryo, Tibet and Abbasid Empire, which was a big step that Classical China had never dreamed of.
The Central Asian technical input routes brought about a large number of famous medieval inland cities, which are Damascus, Baghdad, Lviv, Samarkand, Khotan and so on. These cities played the same role of the ports that developed in Age of Sail, like Amsterdam, Nassau, Boston, Bombay, Singapore, Nagasaki and Quanzhou.The final wave of Central Asian technical input reached its climax with the rise of the Yuan Empire which conquered Southern Song Dynasty and yet brought a flood of technologies into Chinese Civilization which had been declining since late Tang Dynasty. Astronomy (Anno Hegirae, or Islamic calendar), military technologies (Islamic artillery, Arabic firearms), mathematics (Jade Mirror of the Four Unknowns, 四元玉鑒) made great progress.
This strong technical flow retained its influence even in Ming Dynasty.However, as the Mongolian Yuan Empire had already absorbed the technologies from Europe and Near East, and its soldiers encompass Christians and Muslims. The Mongolian Yuan Empire lost enthusiasm for Chinese Civilization after knowing higher civilizations in other parts of the world.The Cordyceps-like Chinese Civilization had been highly looked upon by barbarians, and abandoned later, which marks the end of the barbarians-ruled China.
The emergence of Ming Dynasty looks as if Chinese Civilization regained the initiative of East Asia, yet in fact, it marks the disintegration of the nucleuses of Chinese Civilization.The success of Zhu Yuanzhang rose to supremacy from a street beggar shows that the perish of aristocratic class of China. Zhu then made massive exiles as the Assyrian Empire did, in order to destroy any potential threats by Confucianist large families and clans, which temporarily ensured his regime but also laid the seeds of doom for the empire. All potential social instability was destroyed economically, since any economic progress will endanger the absolute rule of the Ming Empire.The long war between Ming Dynasty and the “Japanese Pirates”(Wokou) was actually a civil war between central authority and rich regions.
The dilemma between retracted northern borders and “The emperor defends the frontier” doctrine was that the Ming Empire knew the benefits of the Central Asian technical input route, but the input will have negative effects on legitimacy of Chinese Civilization itself. So the Ming Dynasty chose to keep itself isolated in East Asia and march into its southwest regions to seize more wealth, which was then used to support a larger army against the increasingly stronger northern enemies.
At this time, as the shipping lines were opened up during Great Voyages which led to the rise of marine technical input line and the decline of Central Asian technical input route, the Ming Empire began to rely on Portuguese matchlocks and European style muzzle-loading cannons, which were later captured by Jurchen-Manchu forces. When Jurchens obtained the European firearms, the Ming Empire soon fell.
The Qing Empire inherited the legacy of the Mongolian Yuan Empire and completed a transformation into a dual ruling system.One one hand, the Emperor ruled the 18 Chinese provinces in the name of Chinese Emperor; Bannermen were raised by resources from the Yangtze Delta while “Green Banner” which were composed of Han Chinese were mere puppets and security forces. On the other hand, the Emperor deterred Mongolian tribes and other Inner Asian peoples from Khan’s throne; the relationship between the Qing Dynasty and Mongolians, Tibetans and Turks was never the same as it was with Chinese provinces, but confederacies and leagues built according to customary laws of the Great Steppe.The Suppression of the Jinchuan hill peoples, the Campaigns against the Dzungars and the pacification of Xinjiang, the Qing siege of the Cossack fort of Albazin, these campaigns are far more important than the Pacification of Taiwan. Because the former can secure or shake the throne of a Inner Asian Khan, but the latter(Taiwan), in consideration of Qing Empire’s negligence of maritime transport routes, had no more importance than the 1740 Batavia massacre, and therefore not worthy of the attention of the Imperial Court.
The end of Manchu-Qing Dual-rule in China was attributed to the “imperialist” trade posts in Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Shanghai, and the rise of Japan. Together they provided financial and technical aid for revolutionary bases for the Han Chinese revolutionists, and thus the Chinese Civilization finally got rid of the Northern pressure caused by Central Asian technical input, and fight against Inner Asian invaders with the help of maritime trade routes. However, the bad genes of unified totalitarianism produced by long-term rule of Inner Asian empires made Chinese people unable to embrace the constitution and freedom like peoples of the free world, but continued wars in order to make tyrannical unification, like the Inner Asian conquers did.The constitution of maritime civilization cannot provide the intrinsic motivation for unified totalitarian rule, therefore the Chinese people chose Leninism and went to the wrong path, again. Leninist China was born.
如果沒有蘇聯的插手，顢頇的廣州革命政府顯然無法發動全民總體戰來摧毀北洋軍閥；聯省自治本來是華夏文明凝結核自我修復的難得機會，結果孫中山飲鴆止渴地引入蘇式列寧政黨架構重組國民黨。堅持國族主義的國民黨只是共產黨的 alpha 版本，因此注定會輸給更加列寧化的中國共產黨。列寧式的組織結構摧毀了幾乎全部的社會凝結核，創造出了一個沒有中間階層、只有嚴密統治機器和散沙化平民的費拉社會。如果沒有八十年代初美國、英國、法國、西德和日本對華夏文明大力的技術輸入和資金援助，1979年以後的華夏文明注定會成為蘇聯的加盟國之一，或是提早走向崩潰。
Without the interference of the Soviet Union, the muddleheaded Guangzhou Revolutionary Government would have had no chance to launch a total war and destroy the Northern Warlords. The Federalism Movement could have been a rare opportunity for local elites to heal, but Sun Yat-sen suicidally introduced Soviet-Leninism to reorganize Kuomintang. The nationalist Kuomintang was merely the alpha version of the Communist Party, so it lost fatefully to its more Leninist counterpart. Leninist organizations are all about destroying the society’s “ringleaders” and therefore creating an atomized society without middle class but only ruthless governments and unorganized masses. Without the decisive technical and financial aids of United States, Britain, France, West Germany and Japan in early 1980s, China would have no choice but to either collapse or become a republic of the USSR after 1979.
伊戰黃金十年，給了華夏世界最後的轉型機會。而現在的 TPP-TISA-TTIP 三協議，標誌著威爾遜世界已經永遠對其關上了大門。隨著福山預言的「歷史的終結」被證偽，西方文明世界內部的共同體問題愈演愈烈，西歐難民問題和俄羅斯在烏克蘭和敘利亞的軍事冒險構，成了對自由世界的新挑戰；新羅馬帝國只有克服了自身共同體邊界的問題，才能真正走向世界帝國之巔。在這個過程中，由伊拉克、敘利亞自由軍和庫爾德武裝組成的鐵三角會遏制住西進的 IS 政權，導致其被迫東移，侵入到東方那兩個只剩下軀殼的龐大國家。
The ten years since the Iraq War has given China the last precious opportunity to change herself; Now the combination of TPP-TISA-TTIP agreements marks the decisive closing of the door of the Wilson World for China.The “End of history” theory by Fukuyama was falsified, the problems of communities in the Western world became more serious. The Refugees Crisis in Western Europe and Russia’s military adventure in Syria and Ukraine became new challenges to the free world; US, the new Roman Empire, can only become the real world empire after she forms clear boundary of her communities.In this process, the triad of Iraq, Free Syrian Army and the Kurdish militaries will curb ISIS from going westward and drive it eastward into the two great eastern states, now empty shells of their former selves: Iran and China.
The new world war is in the making: The Islamic State is practicing their Dabiq apocalypse prophecy; battles will be waged from the Tigris River to the Potomac River. Boston, London, Paris and Brussels have already become the front line.This is a war that will crush empires of the old world. So if China wants to avoid the repeating grim fate of cults, roving bandits and despots, the only choice is to discover and build new communities before it’s too late.
這個共同體必須要跳出華夏文明歷史週期的詛咒，建立一個多國文明體系的新世界 — — 諸亞與諸夏。東亞的土地上曾經廣泛存在著獨立而繁榮的多個文明共同體，如巴蜀、吳越、閩越、夜郎等等，不一而足。這些文明共同體在經歷了漫長的大一統統治之後，雖然已經殘破不堪，但是文明的種子依然在冬眠之中，因為能夠喚醒他們的，只有擁有自由靈魂的人；不是民族創造國家，而是國家發明民族。如果有一群渴望自由的人希望建立起一個嶄新的共同體，他們就會回顧過去，重新拾起被拋棄的身份，用一個新的信條去號召人們。這是一場賭上整個東亞未來命運的賽跑：是跌入華夏文明歷史週期的困境，還是迎來諸亞諸夏文明世界的救贖，這就是我們這一代人要面臨的選擇。
These new communities must get out of the curse of the Chinese historical cycle and establish a multinational world — Inner Asian and Cathaysian Nations.There used to be many prosperous independent civilizations in East Asian continent such as Bashulia, Goetsu, Hakkan, Yehetishland and so forth.Although these civilizations have wilted after long unified autocracy, the seeds of civilizations are still in hibernation, and only the ones with free souls can awaken them. Nations don’t create states, states create nations. If a group of freedom-loving people want to build a new community, they will look back into history, pick up the abandoned identities and start summoning people with a new creed. This is the vital bet for the future of East Asia: To go back to the old cycle of unified autocracy, or to usher in the redemption of Inner Asian and Cathaysian Nations, this is the choice of our time.