Session 1: History of Linux, Fedora Project and Commands Line

Organization: Linux at UNI

Mentor: Julita Inca Chiroque

Linux At UNI

Project: Peru, rode to GSoC 2018

Today november 11th, our adventure at University Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. We reviewing with an Introduction to Linux, then started Fedora 25 released installation, then review the four freedom. Meaning the information to form community.

Sharing is good, and with digital technology, sharing is easy. Richard Stallman
Fedora operating system

  1. Freedom, dedicated to free software and content.
  2. Friends, strong, caring community.
  3. Features, care about excellent software.
  4. First, are committed to innovation.

GNU Liberties

  1. Use this program.
  2. Study how works the program.
  3. Distribution of program.
  4. Copied and modified the code.

What is Linux system?

The Linux kernel controls all the hardware and software on the computer system, allocating hardware when necessary and executing software when required.

The Shell

The GNU/Linux shell is a special interactive utility. It provides a way for users to start programs, manage files on the files system, and manage processes running on the Linux system. The core of the shell is the command prompt. The command prompt is the interactive part of the shell. It allows you to enter text commands, and then it interprets the commands and executes them in the kernel. The shell contains a set of internal commands that you use to control things such as copying files, moving files, renaming files, displaying the programs currently running on the system, and stopping programs running on the system. Besides the internal commands, the shell also allows you to enter the name of a program at the command prompt. The shell passes the program name off to the kernel to start it.

Command lines

The command ls -a display the hidden file. For to change the keyboard input, we will type, for example, if you want to french keyboard, type this

setxkbmap fr

If you want search how to find the graphics card. For checked the manual type man [command line] in the terminal. man

ls usr/bin/grep setx


Our friend say that acronym TIC in Spanish means Tecnología de información y comunicación.

¿Can you show the technical details of hardware?

Yes, type lspci and will show Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI).

ver las interfaces de una computadora lspci grep video.

DNF command dandy find yum, package manager. YUM te permite tener las dependencias. sudo dnf install, es el sudo apt-get de fedora.

We started installing sudo dnf install git

Linux is case sensistive, that means recognize LowerCase and UpperCase.

4 tipos de archivos: archivo plano, — etc se guardan archivos de configuracion, en el slash opt se guardan archivos…

archivo opt y archivo binario

There are two types of files, now, we write cat os-release for display the code in etc directory.

Type of files

Plain, binary, links, specials. The links are shortcut, we can shorten large files with a shortcut.

We type in the terminal:

head -l/etc/passwd show the first line for cat file.

tail -l/etc/passwd to show the last line for cat file.

rmdir to deleted directory.

rm to deleted file.

ifconfig, display network and do not require root permission.

route , this command line shows the gateway.

The lspci grep Video (find patrons) filtres

The command linels -aallows see hidden files.