CodeWorld Update — February, 2019

I’ve been quiet on social media lately, but it’s been an active time for the CodeWorld project. Here’s a brief summary of some of the things happening in the last few months.

Platform features

There have been some significant updates lately in the CodeWorld platform. Here are some of the big ones.

The Requirements Framework

Together with Ashish Myles and with some good advice from Fernando Alegre, I started building the CodeWorld Requirements Framework. This is a language embedded into CodeWorld for expressing requirements for assigned student code. For example, you might ask students to write at least 4 functions in their project, to use all five built-in picture transformations (translation, rotation, dilation, non-uniform scaling, and coloring), and to make sure there are no unused parameters in their functions. The requirements language lets you express all of these.

The framework implements a few one-off rules for some common requirements, but based on some inspired advice from Fernando, it also includes a pattern matcher over Haskell syntax, which lets you define patterns that should (or should not) occur in the code. By abusing template haskell syntax, you can write a pattern like f $var = sqrt $any, and this will match any function called f whose body is defined by applying sqrt to any expression. It’s surprising how many rules can be expressed in this form. Ashish and I alpha-tested the framework when teaching functions to middle school students, and it was very successful.

That said, though, the Requirements Framework is still in experimental stages. There are a lot more rule types I’d like to implement, including common lint rules, UX improvements, and even some ambitious projects like integrating runtime validation testing and compile-time inspection testing into the framework. The status of the project is at

Tooling work

Artem Kanev has recently been contributing to the tool support in CodeWorld, and has made a lot of progress. You might notice that CodeWorld’s education mode now offers documentation for known variables when you hover over them, or when you select them in the autocomplete UI. There’s also a lot more work done to include symbols defined in the current module in these features. These simple changes make a huge difference to students as they use the platform.

I know Artem has big plans coming up, to continue working on the student programming tools and turn the CodeWorld environment into a world-class user interface (but without sacrificing its essential simplicity!). Coming soon are continuous highlighting of compile errors, better error message presentation, and deferred type errors. After that, who knows? You can definitely try out the new features and send bugs and feature requests with your feedback.

API updates

As we learn more from teaching with CodeWorld, we continue to tweak the exported API so that future classes go better. A few API changes are now in progress.

First, CodeWorld is moving toward using pattern synonyms for a lot more constants. This includes the built-in colors, and the constant pi, for example. The reason for this is that there’s a nice educational progression from listing inputs and outputs of a function in a table, then writing them in a sequence of equations for specific inputs, and finally generalizing to a pattern with a formal parameter. But that doesn’t work when the input isn’t a literal. Bidirectional pattern synonyms act like literals in most ways, so students can write equations like f(Blue) = 5, and they act as they are supposed to.

This is a big change, especially for colors, and the old names for colors will be around for at least a year and half, and possibly longer. But I encourage you to teach with the new names in the future.

Documentation updates

At the same time, I’m continuing to update documentation and curriculum. I’ve taken another pass at the beginning of the guide over the last several months, and expanded much of the content. There are also new folders in the CodeWorld Drive folder with worksheets and resources I’ve created for my new classes. This is still very much a work in progress, but things are getting better.

I’m also resuming work on the CodeWorld comic book. This was a cute project I began many years ago, to convey some of the humor and programming culture, as well as introduce the language of error messages, in a fun and casual way. The story is finished, but we’re filling out the book with creative and personality-filled reference pages that students can use as they build their own projects. Stay tuned!

Classes and community

Of course, none of this would be worth it without the kids! I’m also continuing to teach. I’ve finished a class for 8th grade students in the previous semester, and I’m taking on 9th graders for the first time this semester. It’s a new experience for me, so keep your fingers crossed for me.

Others have also continued their teaching. In particular, I’m still working with Louisiana State University to investigate results measured in our classes, and I know others are teaching classes everywhere from elementary school through university classes around the world.

Getting involved

To stay up to date on CodeWorld, feel free to subscribe to the codeworld-discuss mailing list. We’ve got a lot of cool things coming up. I’m hopeful that we can work with another student or two in the upcoming Google Summer of Code season, and share some of our research results over the next several months. Stay tuned!