Glad you didn’t fall for it. The scary part is that the attacker could save your credentials for later us and still redirect you to Apple’s login while passing the credentials you entered along for the ride. The result is that you would be legitimately logged into Apple’s services without ever noticing anything was unusual.
By the way, you DID report the phishing scam to Apple, right? It’s worth doing so they can take better precautions to prevent it.