12 Angry Men

A while back in class we watched the movie “12 Angry Men.” This movie portrayed 12 men currently serving jury duty. The time has come for these men to decide to fate of a young boy who has been accused of murdering his father. Upon entering the room where they must decided whether or not the boy it guilty or not, they cut to the chase and immediately go once around the table to hear everyone’s decision. “Guilty, Guilty, Guilty” all around the room, but just as it seems that there is just no hope in the fate of the young boy, an optimistic man votes not guilty creating an uproar among everyone. This man then begins to consider every single component he could think of to prove the boy is not guilty. In the end, he successfully convinced the rest to agree with him.

This model of decision making process closely resembled the Phase model of decision making. There are four phases in this model including orientation, conflict, emergence, and lastly reinforcement. In the orientation phase, the members of the group become acquainted with one another and the problem they must solve. This is their first initial meeting. The next phase is the conflict phase, which states that this is when all the possible outcomes are presented and debated. This phase can be seen when the man that voted ‘not guilty’ begins to present ask questions to verify if the evidence given to them actually added up. Over the course of the movie, the men occasionally recounted their voted to see who’s opinions has changed. After every recount they noticed more and more change of opinions until everyone has then changed their vote to ‘not guilty’. The act of all coming to a mutual agreement is called the emergence phase. The final stage is called reinforcement. Although this phase was not presented in the movie, this is the phase when the final decision is presented along with all the details that support it.