In hindsight: How events at Stonewall Inn are remembered illustrates how popular narratives shape commemorations and social movements.

Sign inside the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar on Christopher Street in Manhattan’s Greenwich Village. The photograph was taken on pride weekend, June 25, 2016, one day after President Obama announced the Stonewall National Monument. Photo by Rhododendrites, source: Wikipedia.

As the nation commemorates the 50th anniversary of 1968 this year, plans are already underway to celebrate a significant 50th anniversary next year: the 50th anniversary of Stonewall Inn.

On June 28, 1969, New York Police Department deputy inspector Seymour Pine led a raid on the small bar in Greenwich Village. The officers confiscated cases of beer and liquor and evacuated the venue’s approximately 200 patrons. Instead of disbanding, however, the patrons rallied in the street, forming a crowd that eventually doubled…


In hindsight: White supremacist groups often reference ancient Greco-Roman culture to reinforce their beliefs. But these historical connections do not hold up under scrutiny.

The Belvedere Apollo at the Pio Clementino Museum, The Vatican. Photo by Livioandronico2013.

by Claire Hoffman

Inside the Pio-Clementino Museum in the Vatican stands the famous Belvedere Apollo statue. A Roman marble copy of a Greek bronze original thought to be the work of Leochares, the statue depicts the sun god standing astride with his left arm extended, his hand empty but for the broken remnants of what was most likely a bow, and a cloak draped across his shoulders. The statue was once described by German antiquarian and…

Claire Hoffman

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