The nodes in our mental network correspond to nouns, adjectives, subjects, objects, the symbolic descriptors of the objects and events in our world.
A psychological core for economics
Brendan Markey-Towler

Shouldn’t this be language independent at least on the basic level? I would concede that cultural thinking patterns and language co-evolve, thus:

How would a Chinese or Japanese describe these relations?

And how would it have to be framed on a pre-language level?