Brian Mulroney (1991)

In 1977, the Parti Québécois government of Mr. Lévesque enacted Bill 101, which included a provision regarding language of signage.¹ This provision was challenged and, ultimately, struck down by the Supreme Court of Canada. In response to this decision, Premier Bourassa enacted Bill 178 … When Bill 178 was introduced, Premier Bourassa invoked the notwithstanding clause, a pernicious provision of the 1982 Constitution accepted and introduced by Prime Minister Trudeau. This provision unique in constitutions of the world — has been branded as “evil” and “iniquitous” by scholars to the point that Mr. Trudeau himself has acknowledged his grave error in consenting to its inclusion in a document designed to protect individual rights and freedoms.


1. Brian Mulroney in Peter Charles Newman, “Appendix 9,” The Canadian Revolution 1985–1995: From Deference to Defiance, Toronto, Viking, 1995, 448–457; 451.

See: “We have been associated with Pierre Elliott Trudeau for nearly twenty years … [Trudeau] provided Canada with a charter defending the inalienable rights of the person.”

Max Nemni and Monique Nemni, Trudeau Transformed: The Shaping of a Statesman, 1944–1965, George Tombs, translator, vol. 2, Toronto, McClelland & Stewart, 2011, 28.