The origin of Satan: Stanford Humanities Center visiting fellow Q & A

Elaine Pagels
Giotto di Bondone’s “Kiss of Judas” (1304–06), also featured on the cover of “The Origin of Satan.” Thought by some early Christians to be possessed by Satan, Judas betrays Jesus to the authorities in the Gospels. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
A settlement in the West Bank built in the last third of the second century BCE, Qumran was home to the Essenes, a Jewish sect that separated itself from the majority of the Jewish community. Associating themselves with “light,” they linked Satan whatever they deemed “dark.” The Romans destroyed Qumran in 68 CE during a protracted conflict that ignited when Gessius Florus, a Roman procurator, stole treasure from the Temple of Jerusalem and executed those who protested. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
A thirteenth-century miniature of the Siege of Jerusalem in 1099, during the First Crusade, laying the foundations of the short-lived Kingdom of Jerusalem. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
A page from the “Gospel of Thomas,” discovered near Nag Hammadi in December 1945. The extant papyri fragments comprising the gospel date between 130 and 250 CE. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

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Product designer | Writer | Iberian language aficionado | My views are my own.

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Chris Kark

Chris Kark

Product designer | Writer | Iberian language aficionado | My views are my own.

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