The Importance of Tooth Enamel

A few years ago, teeth were generally perceived to be just another set of bony pearly whites in the oral cavity that are meant to support chewing. However, people are now able to understand about the different layers of teeth, thanks to the dentists. More specifically, the importance of tooth enamel and its ability to keep the tooth safe from cavities and other oral health conditions is a well-known phenomenon.

Talking about tooth enamel, it is the hard shell or layer which keeps the teeth and gums safe from a number of risks such as cavities and gum disease. This shell or layer is an extraordinarily hard material. The main purpose of tooth enamel is to protect the vulnerable part of the tooth.

Tooth enamel is a translucent material. It means that it can let the light pass through it. It covers the dentin which is a layer responsible to let the tooth sense hot and cold temperatures.

Why is tooth enamel important?

Tooth enamel is the vital structure of teeth. There are many functions that it performs in favor of the oral health. Here, you have to keep in mind that tooth needs strength in order to stay there in your mouth for a long time. It should not fracture or break apart. The maintained strength of enamel helps you ensure all of this. It is worth mentioning here that eating, brushing and chewing are the activities which can damage the teeth. Strong tooth enamel can help in enduring the pressure from all these activities without letting the tooth to receive any kind of damage.

The structure of tooth enamel is composed of hydroxyapatite crystals. These crystals are also called fluorapatite. These fluoride crystals need to be in high concentration so that enamel could resist the effects of damaging factors. These crystals are important because they help in preventing cavities by nullifying any effects of acid attack, plaque and bacteria.

Smoothness of enamel also has huge importance. This natural polish helps in the prevention of plaque and bacteria from sticking to the tooth’s surface. Now, you have to keep in mind that enamel demineralization is the process which can lead to the loss of enamel smoothness. As a result, bacteria and plaque find their way to stick with the tooth and do the damage.

While tooth enamel lets the change in temperature to be felt by inner part of the tooth at some degree, the severity in this sensitivity can lead to serious pain. This severity occurs when the tooth enamel loses its minerals and becomes thin over time. More specifically, the incisors need to be well insulated so that the change in temperature doesn’t cause discomfort.

Protecting tooth enamel

Protecting tooth enamel is very important. You can do it by making sure that you are not consuming starchy and sugary foods. Moreover, you have to ensure better oral hygiene by brushing and flossing according to dentist’s instructions.