An essay more impressive for its research of current clapping patterns than for its historical analysis. The author probably was not alive for the hootenannies of the ‘60’s, or he would have begun his trend line sooner. And to conclude with a question—”…is handclapping really all that bad?”—begs answers for deeper sociological analysis and more urgent reasons. Among those are the fact that for a majority of the paying audience of hip hop and rap (upper middleclass white teenagers with too much disposable income), parents won’t let their kids say the words. Forbid clapping, and the culture of rap would collapse to a few groups meeting at the corner of York Blvd. and Figueroa to remember the good times when clapping was permitted and rappers were rich.