VARICOSE VEINS- Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Varicose veins are perverse and inflamed veins that commonly affect legs and feet. However, these are not very serious, but if not treated on time, it can lead to serious problems. This problem is a result of standing and walking upright, which increases veins pressure in the lower body.


Basically, patient’s suffering from Varicose Veins does not experience any pain. However, there are two signs you will see if you are suffering from varicose veins-

• Veins appears blue or dark purple in color
 • Twisted and bulging veins seems like legs cords
 On the other hand, the signs and symptoms of painful Varicose Veins include-
 • Heavy and achy feelings in the legs
 • Swelling, muscle cramping, burning and throbbing in the lower legs
 • Unbearable pain after long standing or sitting period
 • Itching near one or more veins
 • Skin ulcers around ankle, which indicates some severe form of vascular disease that needs immediate medical attention.


There are diverse causes of Varicose Veins.

• Age- As the age grows, the veins lose elasticity and gets stretched. The veins valves become weak and the blood flowing towards the heart moves back. This results in veins enlargement and cause varicose. The reason why veins become blue is because veins contain deoxygenated blood, which is a part of process of being recirculated through the lungs.

• Pregnancy- Some of the pregnant woman suffers from varicose veins as well. This is because at the time of pregnancy, volume of blood increases in the body, but the flow of blood from the legs to pelvis decreases. This kind of change is to support the developing fetus, but it can also be the reason of many side effects, such as enlarged legs veins. This condition becomes worse in late pregnancy, when uterus put more pressure on the leg’s veins. Other than this, hormonal changes are also responsible to some extent. However, varicose veins develop in pregnancy can treated medically within three months after delivery.


There are very rare complications of varicose veins, such as

• Blood clots- Generally, in this condition, veins of the legs get enlarged. This results in legs swelling, which need quick medical attention as it may indicate blood clots. This condition is also referred as ‘Thrombophlebitis.’

• Ulcers- There are chances of painful ulcers on the skin, close to varicose veins, especially near the ankles. The ulcers are the result of abiding fluid buildup in these issues, which caused by increased blood pressure within the affected veins. A tarnished spot on the skin starts before the formation ulcers. Consult a doctor instantly when signs of ulcers appear.
 Treatments and drugs


As a treatment of varicose veins you need to do self-care. Caring for your health is the best method to overcome this condition. For that, you need regular exercise, legs elevation, avoid long sitting and standing, and not to wear tight outfits. This can not only treat varicose veins, but prevent it from getting worse.

Wearing Compression stockings

Before switching to another treatment, you should wear compression stockings all day. These stockings can compress your legs and help your leg muscles and veins to move blood effectively. You can get different types of compression stockings. These are easily available in most medical supply stores and pharmacies.

Wearing compression stockings is often the first approach you should try prior stirring on to other treatments. Compression stockings are worn all day. They steadily squeeze your legs, and help the muscles of legs and veins to move blood more efficiently. The amount of compression varies by type and brand.

When buying these stockings, ensure proper fitting. You can use a tape measure, or else your pharmacist can provide you proper fit stockings by measuring your legs. Always make sure that these stockings are strong, but not very tight.

Other treatments for serious Varicose Veins

If you are unable to take care of yourself, or your condition is serious, then your doctor will recommend you other varicose treatments.

• Sclerotherapy- In this kind of treatment, your physician will inject your veins with a solution that scares and closes the veins. In a few weeks, you will observe that treated veins are faded away. However, the same vein needs to be injected than one time and this therapy is very effective if done in a right manner. This treatment does not require anesthesia and can be carried out in the doctor’s cabin.

• Laser Surgeries- These are the most effective and preferred treatments used against spider veins and varicose veins. In this treatment, a strong burst of light is send to the vein, which makes it fade and vanished. No needles and incisions are used in this treatment.

• Catheter Assisted procedure- In this treatment, the physician inserts a thin tube into the enlarged vein and then heats the tip of the thin tube (catheter). As you pulls the catheter out, the heat destroy the vein and seal shut. This procedure is generally carried out for treating larger varicose veins.

• Vein stripping- In this process, veins are removed through small incisions. For most people, this is considered as the outpatient method. However, removing the vein won’t affect leg circulation as veins inside the leg take care of blood volume.

• Ambulatory Phlebectomy- Pronounced as (fluh-BEK-tuh-me), in this treatment, doctor removes small varicose veins with the help of petite skin punctures. The part of the legs pricked is the only numbed and there is minimal scarring.

• Endoscopic Vein Surgery- This procedure is only required when there is serious leg ulcer. In this procedure, surgeon uses a reedy video camera and inserts it inside your leg to see varicose veins. Then, the surgeon through small incisions removes varicose veins.

Home Remedies and Lifestyle to adapt

Indeed, self-care measures play a crucial role to decrease the discomfort caused by varicose veins. Moreover, other measures that can help to slow or prevent varicose veins development are-

• Workout- Exercise, such as, walking and moving helps in circulation of blood in the legs. You can consult your doctor to choose a right activity for you.
 • Follow low-salt diet- Eating can help you to overcome varicose veins. If you follow a low salt diet, you can avoid the paining and swelling of legs.
 • Wear low heeled shoes- Do not wear high heels, as it will make your problem even worse. By wearing low heeled shoes, you can relax calf muscles.
 • Avoid wearing tight clothes- Wearing tight clothes can worse your condition. So make sure you are not wearing skin tight clothes that can restrict flow of blood.
 • Elevate your legs- In order to improve blood circulation in your legs, elevate your legs above to your heart level. For instance, lie down and rest your legs on 3–4 pillows.
 • Avoid long sitting and standing periods- Ensure to change your standing and sitting position frequently as it encourages blood flow properly. More for at least 30 minutes or more.
 • Do not sit cross legged- Sitting cross legs can increase problem in blood circulation. So avoid sitting in such position.

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