Secure Spring Boot REST API using Basic Authentication

This is the third post of my Spring Boot Blog post series. In the very first post, I talked about my experience with creating RESTFul Services using Spring Boot. Then I have expanded the sample to integrate with Swagger documentation. In this post, I am going to expand above sample with security aspect.

What is API Security

API Security is a wide area with many different definitions, meanings, and solutions. The main key terms in API security are Authorization, Authentication, Encryption, Federation, and Delegation. However, I am not going to talk about each of them here.

What is Authentication

Authentication is used to reliably determine the identity of an end user and give access to the resources based on the correctly identified user.

What is Basic Authentication

Basic Authentication is the simplest way to enforce access controling to resources. Here, the HTTP user agent provides the username and the password when making a request. The string containing the username and password separated by a colon is Base64 encoded before sending to the backend when authentication is required.

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