So, you want to learn the quantum computing eco-system. Maybe you want to invest, or learn whether it is mature enough to spend time with it.
This article is for you. We just completed and published our overview of the quantum computing provider marketplace (as of November 4, 2019). We published the full report on our website and created five YouTube videos where we walk through it. You are free to watch and download the report.
Who are the top 13 quantum computing hardware providers? First, are there really 13? That seems like a large number. Are they broken into logical categories that I can remember? Yes.
Simulators (3): These firms focus on ‘quantum inspired’ but run on classical hardware. Atos / Bull makes universal, gate based systems. Fujitsu IT Ltd. and Toshiba Digital Systems Corporation provide quantum annealing systems. These have no errors, and are competitive in performance with real quantum.
Annealers (1): This firm creates quantum annealing systems that are used for specific types of calculations, like optimization of a business process or calculating the behavior of chemicals or materials. D-Wave Systems have been making and selling these systems for a while, and just announced a new system with significantly more power.
Universal (9): These firms make quantum computers that should be able to solve many types of business problems. They are more versatile, and eventually could scale to solve problems that cannot be solved today, even on the world’s largest research supercomputers.
Who are those universal firms? Here goes:
- Alibaba Cloud (or Aliyun) with the Chinese Academy of Sciences
- AQT (GmbH)
- Google AI
- Honeywell Quantum Solutions
- Intel Corporation (makes processors and software only)
- IBM Research
- Rigetti Computing
These firms are spread across Austria, Canada, China and the United States.
One note of apology. We excluded firms that have raised money to build a quantum computer, but we have no evidence they built one, or we have not heard of them. One firm just came to our attention today out of the UK, but is in ‘secret’ mode.
Some other points to add.
We see more than two technologies being developed and tested for quantum computing processors in those eight firms. For the two leading processor technologies, superconducting & ion trap qubits, we see compatibility between them and the software to run them (e.g., Cirq, Qiskit, and Q#).
Another point is the split between very large, well capitalized firms (USD $100B to $1T) and very small, venture capital funded firms. We predict that as small firms achieve breakthroughs they will be acquired by larger firms.
Thank you for reading.
For more information, please contact us at Chicago Quantum, a division of US Advanced Computing Infrastructure, Inc. We help clients achieve quantum advantage by creating their own quantum computing use case.
Thanks Nick Farina, EeroQ and Doug Finke, Quantum Computing Report, for pointing out an inadvertent omission (omitted IBM Research — sorry IBM).