自2013年Vitalik Buterin发布以太坊白皮书以来,以太坊2.0的升级就一直是热门议题。经历过数次跳票后,以太坊终于要迎来具有历史性意义的“The Merge”升级。

以太坊主网将和以太坊信标链进行合并,并完成由POW工作量证明机制迁移至POS权益证明机制的转变。但“The Merge”只是一个开始,以太坊还将迎来“The Surge”、“The Verge”、“The Purge”和“The Splurge”等升级,来引入分片链并优化数据结构以及客户端成为最终版本。

“可以做发达之后处于守势的苹果,但绝对不能做固步自封的诺基亚”,共识机制的转变是以太坊在成为真正的“世界计算机” 路上必须要经历的考验,尽管升级后以太坊的未来充满了未知,但以太坊迈出了在区块链发展中历史性的一步!

以太坊2.0路线图

以太坊2.0升级主要是为了解决以太坊的发展过程中产生的一些限制整个网络的发展问题,以太坊2.0的Roadmap主要包括了平行链、信标链、合并和分片3个步骤。其中前两个步骤的目的是将整个网络的共识机制由PoW转向PoS(权益证明),最后一个步骤是为了改善整个以太坊网络的性能,提高扩展性。

信标链

为实现共识机制的平滑过渡,2020年12月1日,以太坊在当前PoW主网运行的同时,首先启用了一条平行运行的链,叫做信标链(Beacon Chain)。信标链以PoS作为共识机制,独立于主网运行。参与者需要向链上的一个智能合约质押32个ETH作为权益证明,经过审查后进入验证者名单,成为信标链的验证者。在这条链上,验证者取代了矿工的角色,成为链的构建者。

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CoinUpOfficial

CoinUpOfficial

CoinUp adopts block-chain technology to serve encryption digital assets, and builds a comprehensive one-stop financial plus digital full-service platform.