Created The Most Detailed Simulation Of The Universe
Scientists have created a detailed stimulate the development of the universe with the clouds of gas, magical galaxies, black holes and countless stars.
Described as one of the most complex computer models ever created, this simulation was made due to the complex calculations of supercomputers, which lasted six months. The average computer to an average of 2,000 years even for such a study.
The simulation is based on the laws of physics and the theory of the origin and evolution of galaxies and star shows the universe of period 12 million years after the Big Bang to the present day.
It should help scientists to test their hypotheses about how the universe works in practice.
Details of this simulation were published in the journal Nature.
“We astrophysicists do not have a laboratory where we can test our theories,” says Mark Fogelsberger Institute of Technology in Massachusetts who participated in making the simulation.
“The only way to test them is to compare our models with observations of the universe.”
A computer model simulates the behavior of dark matter, the invisible “material” that emerged in the early period of the universe and dark energy, the mysterious force that affect the expansion of the universe.
As the universe evolves, the first galaxies are formed of suns and massive black holes in the centers.
Gas fills the space between galaxies, and initially only the elements hydrogen and helium. Heavier elements like carbon and oxygen are formed in the stars, before they are released into space explosion.
By simulating a covered space of the universe of 350 million light years. One light year is the distance light travels in one year is about 10 trillion kilometers.
The researchers checked the simulation comparing it with images obtained thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope and discovered remarkable coincidence. However, some differences between the results of observations and simulations should indicate where the scientists are wrong in their theories.