NGOs IN INDIA — TYPES

Different types of NGOs are found all over India, and different criteria are used for classifying them. NGOs list in India are grouped into different types on the basis of their sizes, sector focus, thematic scope, geographic scope, and type of incorporation. It is reported that India has one of the highest number of registered NGOs in the whole world.

Types of NGOs based on their size

Based on their resources and spread NGO in India are classified into large organizations, multinational bodies, large full time organizations with paid staff, and organizations with branch offices in many countries (examples, International committee, Oxfam, Medecins Sans Frontieres, the Red Cross, etc).

Types of NGOs based on geographic scope

Based on their geographic scope, NGO list in India are classified into two types. The first one considers both local and global issue, while the second one concentrates on a particular issue, region or country.

Types of NGOs based on thematic scope

Based on their thematic scope, NGOs are classified into four groups. The first one deals with human rights/ environment/ social /other issues; the second one are watch-dog organizations and campaigning groups; the third are concerned with emergency prevention, emergency relief and reactive priorities, education, and proactive priorities; and the fourth concentrate on broader, single, or multi-issue portfolio.

Types of NGOs based on their sectors of work

Based on their sectors of work, NGOs in India are classified into age care (care for the elderly), agriculture, child education, animal welfare, cities/urban development, HIV/AIDS, art & craft, community development, disability, culture & heritage, disaster management, environmental issues, education, health & hygiene, poverty removal, population, rural development, tribal people, science & technology development, drinking water, waste management, housing & slums, and women.

Types of NGOs based on their registration or incorporation

On this basis, NGOs in India are grouped as a Section 25 company, Society, or Trust. These are registered under different acts, and so, their provisions and benefits will vary accordingly.

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