A Poor Environment and Poverty causes Education Disparity
“Some people aren’t used to an environment where excellence is expected.”-Steve Jobs Whether a person grows up in a good or bad neighborhood, culture and environment play a big role in each student’s life. David Leonhardt, the managing editor of The New York Times, states “even among white and black families with similar incomes, white families are much more likely to live in good neighborhoods-with high-quality schools, day-care options, parks, playgrounds and transportation options.” White family tends to be more educated and successful than black family because the educational disparity occurs in the school depending on locations. Also, the criminal rate in bad neighborhoods is relatively higher than high-income neighborhoods. Kids have to live in areas, surrounded by drugs, criminals, and alcohols. This situation makes them take away from school. Of course, some of students working so hard can be a very good student. In the U.S., poverty greatly affects on education because poor students hardly afford to pay school tuitions. Jason Deparle, a senior writer at The New York Times, says “Low-income strivers face uphill climbs, especially at Ball High School, where a third of the girls’ class failed to graduate on schedule.” Low-income students struggle with achieving higher education in the U.S. Lindsey Cook, U.S. News’s writer, mentions “Black children are also more likely to have emotionally traumatic experiences impacting their childhood, such as abuse or neglect, the death of a parent or witnessing domestic violence.” Poor kids in bad neighborhoods hardly focus on education. To enable black students to gain education attainment, U.S. government should change poor environment and schools because bad neighborhoods and poverty occur education disparity.
Students from low-neighborhoods tend not to get high education. Smart schools like UCLA and Harvard are not located in low-neighborhoods. The bad circumstance gives the students less choice to apply to smart school. Schools in low-neighborhoods do not aim at wise kids, and even accept most students without any examinations and submitting SAT scores. Most adults reached their high-status though higher education. Educated students are likely to have more opportunity to choose jobs because the educated students have more useful skills and experiences for writing in resume. Most companies ask students school and what kind of degrees. Some of companies do not accept students without a bachelor degree in an interview. Less-choices would give non-educated students when finding a new job. According to “The Shrinking American Middle Class” by Alicia Parlapiano, Robert Gebeloff, and Shan Carter mentioned ‘Education matters more than it used to. In the 1970s, high school graduates who did not have a four-year college degree were well represented among the middle and upper class. They no longer are, as high-paying, blue-collar jobs have become rare.’ In this 21 century in the U.S., students with lack of education hardly reaches high-career.
Friends are the most people you are spending time with. Friends could be influence, or a bad influence. In the bad neighborhoods surrounded by high criminal rate, temptations such as alcohol and drugs are everywhere. “Even before they start to use drugs, kids will start to gravitate toward other kids who have a favorable attitude about using,” says Joseph Lee, MD, spokesman for the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. This tells us those children hardly refuge to use drugs in order to keep friendship with them. Most children are scared of being lonely and getting out of a comfort zone although their friends are a bad influence.
Claire Cain Miller, a writer in “The New York Times”, “Poorer parents have less time and fewer resources to invest in their children, which can leave children less prepared for school and work.” This tells us poorer parents put their children into bad environment for studying while not knowing. Also, Claire states “92 percent of parents say they are doing a good job at raising their children.” Most parents with low-income hardly take care of their kids because they need to spend time in working. Personally, my father could not go to the university because his single-mother could not afford to pay for the tuitions. He said that “my mother was always busy for woking and housework, and I also had to work for paying for tuitions in my high-school.” Therefore, poverty makes students achieve in high education.
The concentration of increasing middle-class neighborhoods helps them educated. For example, Australia, Switzerland, and Japan have a big population of middle class. The education and safety in those countries are relatively stable. Lee Leopld, the author of “Runaway Inequality”, mentioned ‘the relative reduction of U.S. median wealth has done nothing to make our economy more sustainable.’ Pushing up low-class in the U.S leads people more stable financial economy. In addition, U.S. government needs to abolish the education inequality at the school. All the schools have to allow all the students to get equal educations. Rich family ought to cover other student’s education by taxes.