Stakeholder Analysis: Jonathan Kozol is a great writer of education disparity.

Since racial discrimination has been occurring between black and white people, education disparity happened in the U.S. African American people have not equally taken as high education as white people have taken. Asian American experienced similar educational inequality in the past. Yascha Mounk, a writer in “The New York Times”, points out “In 2008, over half of all applicants to Harvard with exceptionally high SAT score were Asian yet they made up only 17 percent of the entering class.” In the recent, poverty and neighborhoods give Latino and African American people educational inequality. According to “The New York Times”, Professor Reardon, the Stanford sociologist, claims “Fewer than 30 percent of students in the bottom quarter of incomes even enroll in four-year school.” In the U.S., students, who born in the low-income class family, hardly take high education unless they get outstanding grades, and receive scholarships. Also, Jason Deparle argues “Neighborhoods have grown more segregated by class, leaving lower-income students increasingly concentrated in lower-quality schools.” Those lower-income students in the U.S. cannot reach high-education as long as moving into wealthy neighborhoods. Education disparity by neighborhoods, race, and the incomes has been critical issues in the U.S. Jonathan Kozol is the primary stakeholder because his credential and contribution of education are magnificent while The U.S. government only has power and money to support education disparity.

Primary stakeholders

Jonathan Kozol is the stakeholder who is directly affected by my topic “Bad neighborhoods and Poverty causes Education Disparity”.

Jonathan Kozol, an American writer, educator, and activist, is the most respected person in my topic, “education disparity”. His book “Salvage inequality”, highly rated in “Amazon” and “The New York Times”, received the Robert F. Kennedy Book award. He observed the education disparity based on his experience of various classrooms at many public schools. Kozol had founded a non-profit Cambridge Institute for Public Education in order to eliminate education disparity in the U.S. Jonathan worked in the public school, and examined the real issue of educational disparity in five decades. Therefore, Jonathan mentions and writes about educational disparity based on his experience from public school. From questions from interview “What kind of funding do you think would rectify the shocking conditions in the poorest schools?”, Jonathan Kozol mentions in summary that:

“Many poor cities in America, taxes itself at a very high rate. The ultimate solution for educational inequality is that we ought to finance the education of every child in America equitably, with adjustments made only for the greater or lesser needs of certain children. And that funding should all come from the collective wealth of our society.”

This points out that students from low-income neighborhoods will be able to take as equal education as students from wealthy neighborhoods if rich people pay more taxes to kids.

Secondary Stakeholder

The United States Department of Education has the power of supporting this topic by money. It plays an important role in changing and creating policy and law in the United States. According to United States Department of Education website, “ED’s mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.” Although they have not given kids equal education yet, they could support them by money depends on educators and professors’ recommendation. The main interest of the United States Department of Education is to ensure that poor students equally take courses without concerning race, the income, and neighborhoods. Each state in the U.S. ought to have top and high level of education system.

Johnathan Kozol is the primary stakeholder while the United States Department of Education is the secondary stakeholder. Johnathan is enthusiastic and credible about education disparity. He even launched non-profit institution for changing inequality education. Also, his all of books are written based on his experiences working at public schools. On the other hand, The United States Department of Education has enough money and power to support educational inequality in the U.S. Hopefully, they are going to change unequal education system in the U.S.

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