The Leaden Echo and the Golden Echo

Selected by Dan Clendenin

Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844–1889)

The Leaden Echo and The Golden Echo

THE LEADEN ECHO

HOW to kéep — is there ány any, is there none such, nowhere known some, bow or brooch or braid or brace, láce, latch or catch or key to keep 
Back beauty, keep it, beauty, beauty, beauty, … from vanishing away? 
Ó is there no frowning of these wrinkles, rankéd wrinkles deep, 
Dówn? no waving off of these most mournful messengers, still messengers, sad and stealing messengers of grey? 
No there ’s none, there ’s none, O no there ’s none, 
Nor can you long be, what you now are, called fair, 
Do what you may do, what, do what you may, 
And wisdom is early to despair: 
Be beginning; since, no, nothing can be done 
To keep at bay 
Age and age’s evils, hoar hair,
Ruck and wrinkle, drooping, dying, death’s worst, winding sheets, tombs and worms and tumbling to decay; 
So be beginning, be beginning to despair. 
O there ’s none; no no no there ’s none: 
Be beginning to despair, to despair, 
Despair, despair, despair, despair.

THE GOLDEN ECHO

Spare! 
There ís one, yes I have one (Hush there!); 
Only not within seeing of the sun, 
Not within the singeing of the strong sun, 
Tall sun’s tingeing, or treacherous the tainting of the earth’s air, 
Somewhere elsewhere there is ah well where! one, 
Oné. Yes I can tell such a key, I do know such a place, 
Where whatever’s prized and passes of us, everything that ’s fresh and fast flying of us, seems to us sweet of us and swiftly away with, done away with, undone, 
Undone, done with, soon done with, and yet dearly and dangerously sweet 
Of us, the wimpled-water-dimpled, not-by-morning-matchèd face, 
The flower of beauty, fleece of beauty, too too apt to, ah! to fleet,
Never fleets móre, fastened with the tenderest truth 
To its own best being and its loveliness of youth: it is an everlastingness of, O it is an all youth! 
Come then, your ways and airs and looks, locks, maiden gear, gallantry and gaiety and grace,
Winning ways, airs innocent, maiden manners, sweet looks, loose locks, long locks, lovelocks, gaygear, going gallant, girlgrace — 
Resign them, sign them, seal them, send them, motion them with breath, 
And with sighs soaring, soaring síghs deliver 
Them; beauty-in-the-ghost, deliver it, early now, long before death 
Give beauty back, beauty, beauty, beauty, back to God, beauty’s self and beauty’s giver. 
See; not a hair is, not an eyelash, not the least lash lost; every hair 
Is, hair of the head, numbered. 
Nay, what we had lighthanded left in surly the mere mould 
Will have waked and have waxed and have walked with the wind what while we slept,
This side, that side hurling a heavyheaded hundredfold 
What while we, while we slumbered. 
O then, weary then why 
When the thing we freely fórfeit is kept with fonder a care, 
Fonder a care kept than we could have kept it, kept 
Far with fonder a care (and we, we should have lost it) finer, fonder 
A care kept. — Where kept? Do but tell us where kept, where. — 
Yonder. — What high as that! We follow, now we follow. — Yonder, yes yonder, yonder,
Yonder.

Hopkins was an English poet, educated at Oxford. Entering the Roman Catholic Church in 1866 and the Jesuit novitiate in 1868, he was ordained in 1877. Upon becoming a Jesuit he burned much of his early verse and abandoned the writing of poetry. However, the sinking in 1875 of a German ship carrying five Franciscan nuns, exiles from Germany, inspired him to write one of his most impressive poems “The Wreck of the Deutschland.” Thereafter he produced his best poetry, including “God’s Grandeur,” “The Windhover,” “The Leaden Echo,” and “The Golden Echo.” Since Hopkins never gave permission for the publication of his verse, his Poems, edited by his friend Robert Bridges, did not appear in print until 1918. His life was continually troubled by inner conflict, which arose, not from religious skepticism, but from an inability to give himself completely to his God. Both his poems and his letters often reflect an intense dissatisfaction with himself as a poet and as a servant of God. Though he produced a small body of work, he ranks high among English poets, and his work profoundly influenced 20th-century poetry. His verse is noted for its piercing intensity of language and its experiments in prosody. Of these experiments the most famous is “sprung rhythm,” a meter in which Hopkins tried to approximate the rhythm of everyday speech. (From http://www.bartleby.com/65/ho/HopkinsG.html)

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