Painted Tree Rat

The Painted Tree Rat is large rat that, on average, has a body length of 12 inches. Their scientific name is Callistomys pictus. These rats are nocturnal and live in Atlantic forest in eastern Brazil. There are only 13 specimens that are known of today and their habitat is continuing to decrease because of the changing nature of their habitat and the decreasing size they have available to them. They also typically live in cocoa plantations, which are continuing to be destroyed.

Painted Tree Rat

This species of rat live in evergreen lowland rain forests. They are restricted to north eastern Bahia, which is located in eastern Brazil.

Atlantic Forest Map

Painted tree rats will eat some of the small insects and other small animals that are living in the forests. If this species was removed from the Atlantic forests, the number of small insects and animals may rise to higher levels. They are currently eating these other species and limiting the amount of expansion those other species are able to have. Without this control on the population of other small insects and animals, the amount of insects may rise to higher levels that could also disrupt the ecosystem.

The main cause of decline of the Painted Tree Rat is forest destruction. The forests are being destroyed to create roadways, coffee plantations, and for timber. The destruction of these forests are also threatening to many other species within their ecosystem. Also, hunters are invading their habitat, contributing to the overall decline in their population.

If the Painted Tree Rat goes extinct, the amount of small insects and animals in the forest would increase. This could cause other disruptions in the ecosystem from the possibility of resources available to the amount of small insects and animals if they are over populated. It is important to protect this species to keep other species from having negative effects on them and possibly causing a decline in other important species to the forests.

Currently, there are no conservation efforts put into place to help protect the Painted Tree Rat from becoming extinct. The conservation of their habitat would be beneficial to prevent their extinction in the future and the effects that this would have on other animals in their ecosystem. Their habitat has been getting destroyed by humans expanding and removing the resources needed for Painted Tree Rats to survive.

With no conservation efforts currently being done, the education of humans near their habitat about what they can do to help save the species and the destruction of the forests is extremely important. These rats will become extinct if nothing is done to help prevent the destruction of their habitat. This can be done by protecting the forests they are currently living in and not allowing humans to remove any of the resources that are necessary for them to survive. Many forests are being destroyed, which is causing many species to suffer and eventually decline in population. Below are few website links that accept donations in time or money. These conservation programs are helping to save many different species and the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) directly helps with species that are being affected by farmers. Farmers are destroying their habitat and using it for their own coffee plantations. Any donation is greatly appreciated by these programs and any amount of effort or money is accepted.


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