• GET
  • POST
  • PUT
  • DELETE
  • PATCH
  • HEAD
  • OPTION
  • TRACE

GETย :

Request some data from Server

POSTย :

Submit a new resource to the server

PUTย :

Update a resource on the server

DELETEย :

Delete resource from the server

PATCHย :

Update a resource on the server partially

HEADย :

Same has GET, but doesnโ€™t request for a response body

OPTIONย :

Describe the communication option for the target resource

TRACEย :

Perform a message loop back

--

--

  • Characters Encoding
  • 16 bits url encoding
  • %u prefix char Unicode hexadecimal
  • %u2215โ€Šโ€”โ€Š/
  • %u00e9โ€Šโ€”โ€Še
  • UTF-8 variables length encoding

HTML Encoding Tags

1.Specific literal character

  • "โ€Šโ€”โ€Šโ€
  • 'โ€Šโ€”โ€Šโ€™
  • &โ€Šโ€”โ€Š&
  • &lt;โ€Šโ€” <
  • &gt;โ€Šโ€” >

2.ASCII Code in decimal Form

  • &#34โ€Š;โ€”โ€Šโ€
  • &#39;โ€Šโ€”โ€Šโ€™

3.ASCII Code in hexadecimal

  • &#x22;โ€Šโ€”โ€Šโ€
  • &#x27;โ€Šโ€”โ€Šโ€™

--

--

Application

  • Network process to application

Presentation

  • Data representation & encryption

Session

  • Interhost Communictation

Transport

  • End To End connections & reliability

Network

  • Path determination and ip

Data link

  • Mac address & physical address

Physical

  • Media, signal & binary

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--

  • Nmap

Nmap is network maper tool to detect open ports and Vulnerability

  • Brupsuite

Brupsuite is proxy intercept tool

  • Nesses

Nesses is information gathering tool

  • Sqlmap

Sql injection finder tool to find sql vulnerability

  • Dir buster

Dir buster is directory busting tool

  • Directory buster

Directory buster as same tool of dir buster

  • Nikto

Vulnerability finder

  • Cerl

https request modify

  • Hydra

Brute Force attack.

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--

Class A

  • Address range 1 to 126
  • Subnet mask 255.0.0.0
  • Leading bits 8
  • Max no of network 128

Class B

  • Address range 128 to 191
  • Subnet mask 255.255.0.0
  • Leading bits 16
  • Max no of network 16384

Class C

  • Address range 192 to 223
  • Subnet mask 255.255.255.0
  • Leading bits 24
  • Max no of network 2097157

Class D

  • Address range 224 to 239
  • Subnet mask
  • Number of hosts per network multicasting

Class E

  • Address range 240 to 225

--

--

๐˜ฟ๐˜ผ๐™๐™†๐™…๐™ค๐™ ๐™š๐™ง

๐˜ฟ๐˜ผ๐™๐™†๐™…๐™ค๐™ ๐™š๐™ง

Hacking is a talent. You won't learn it at school. If you were born to become a Hacker, it's your destiny. Otherwise, you'll be Hacked...