Share Config Properties between Serverless Config and Lambda Functions

David Good
2 min readMay 11, 2020
Photo by Dan Farrell on Unsplash

The Problem

Today, I was deploying a serverless backend to AWS with with Serverless. At one point, I ran into a cryptic error from the Lambda like “Server Error”. In the Lambda logs in the AWS console, I discovered the cause of the error: the DynamoDB table name in the serverless.yml config file was different from the table name in the Lambda function. So the Lambda was trying to access a DynamoDB table which didn’t exist. I thought to myself, there has to be a better way. Can the table name be shared between the config and the code? Of course it can!

The Solution

See corresponding code snippets below. Lines of interest are in bold.

  1. Create a constants.json file with an object containing the config property key-value
  2. In your lambda file, you can import a JSON file just like a normal JS file; Below we use destructing to grab the exact property we need
  3. In your serverless.yml, you can import a property with the syntax: ${file(<relative_path_to_file>):<object_key_in_file>} … Below we save the value in a top level custom section so it can be referenced later in the file
  4. Now to reference the property in the serverless.yml, use the syntax ${self:custom.<property_name>}
// constants.json
{ "dynamoTableName": "myTable" }

// lambda.js
const { dynamoTableName } = require('./constants');

const AWS = require('aws-sdk');

module.exports.getAllRecords = (event, context, callback) => {
const dynamo = new AWS.DynamoDB.DocumentClient();
const params = { TableName: dynamoTableName };
dynamo.scan(params, (error, data) => {
...

// serverless.yml
service: my-service

custom:
dynamoTableName: ${file(./constants.json):dynamoTableName}

provider:
name: aws
runtime: nodejs12.x

iamRoleStatements:
- Effect: 'Allow'
Action:
- 'dynamodb:*'
Resource:
Fn::Join:
- ':'
- - 'arn:aws:dynamodb'
- 'Ref': 'AWS::Region'
- 'Ref': 'AWS::AccountId'
- 'table/${self:custom.dynamoTableName}'

resources:
Resources:
MyDynamo:
Type: 'AWS::DynamoDB::Table'
Properties:
AttributeDefinitions:
- AttributeName: id
AttributeType: S
KeySchema:
- AttributeName: id
KeyType: HASH
ProvisionedThroughput:
ReadCapacityUnits: 1
WriteCapacityUnits: 1
TableName: ${self:custom.dynamoTableName}

functions:
...

--

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David Good

Software engineer crafting full-stack, cloud-native solutions for enterprise