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The Underrated Influence of Luca Pacioli on Physics

I’m inclined to believe that the concept of double entry accounting introduced by Luca Pacioli in 1494 had a greater influence on the Renaissance of ideas that led to Newton‘s Principia than we currently imagine. However indirect it may have been.

Newton was the first to introduce the concept of a rational, logical and predictable universe. One whose predictability arose from a sort of double entry bookkeeping system that was remarkably similar to Pacioli’s. But where forces, motion, matter and energy were the accounts in question. And they all had to balance out.

Pacioli established that for every debit there…


A demon that absorbs the chambers

If you’re not familiar with Maxwell’s demon, the thought experiment created by the physicist James Clerk Maxwell, here it is.

I suggest a new solution to the problem Charles Bennett revealed. I propose a demon that can gradually assimilate the two chambers. Preventing the demon from running out of storage space which would increase the system’s entropy. In this solution, essentially the chambers and the door become a part of the demon and the demon becomes the chambers and the door. Using up more and more of the material as its storage space.

But of course, the chambers and the…


Why Open-Source and Open-Data Decision Systems Are, Despite Their Flaws, Still Ethically Preferable To Human Judges

You have a choice of having society be held accountable by an open source “machine” that anyone can read, deconstruct, scrutinize, test, debug and correct within a relatively short period of time or human beings.

Human minds are, for the foreseeable future, inscrutable neural networks comprised of a never-ending, psycho-social labyrinth of biases, stereotypes and prejudices; manipulatable by bribes and blackmail; compromisable by everything under the sun, from conflicting economic interests to unresolved pyschosomatic childhood trauma to just being in a bad mood that day.

The System Must Be…
1. Open Source and Open Data. All inputs and all outputs.
2. All…


The nice thing about having to define the difference between fact or fiction for machines is it forces you to think about what truth actually means in a much more rational and mathematical sense. Making no assumptions, only so far as machines are concerned. Since you have to start from scratch, i.e. first principles, so the machine can understand it.

You then inevitably arrive back at the observer. And you look at the degree of correspondence between their assessment of the environment (by environment I mean some fitness function as it concerns the observer) and the degree to which their…


Remember: Location! Location! Location!

Facial Recognition seems to be an intelligent application of any neural network, because on the surface it appears to mirror our own natural facial recognition system. However, the artificial ones entirely neglect that which makes nature’s own implementation so successful and without which they are prone to produce so many false positives that they make themselves unusable. Like a smoke alarm that keeps going off for no reason whatsoever. It defeats its own purpose.

It’s counter intuitive, but in my opinion, I think that one of the reasons why the artificial ones work so poorly is because of the fact…


I had casually mentioned something about yoga to my mother back in September, 2019. She told me that yoga is “evil” and I shouldn’t be doing it. Of course, I love my mom but to her things like yoga are strongly associated with those “evil” eastern religions. I said that she’s actually practicing one of the most fundamental concepts of those “evil” eastern religions a million times for every minute of our phone call. Whereas the Bible, in the first 3 sentences of Genesis seeks to immediately rid itself of the “void”, the “emptiness”, the “nothingness” by filling it with…


Even if this team of developers doesn’t succeed, the source code and white paper are on thousands of computers around the world. I’ve put these observations here so people can see everything we’ve done, learn from my mistakes, and pick up where we left off understanding why game theory makes what they’re going to do inevitable.

www.grassland.network

Half Angel-Half Demon

It seems half the students and teachers on U of T campus that hear about Grassland are convinced that it’s “amazing” and is going to “completely change the world” for the better. They seem to “get it”.

But the other half…

  • Have told…

www.grassland.network

The logical consequences of Grassland’s three postulates put forward a system in which its no longer necessary to trust or rely on some inherent goodness in your fellow human beings (you can, but you don’t need to). This ensures that it’s not only trustless but “ethicless”.

Now what I mean by “ethicless” is homomorphic (the mirror image) to what cryptographers mean by “trustless” when describing cryptographic systems. Cryptographers whose cryptography depends on people being trustworthy isn’t cryptography in as much as a bank safe that depends on people not being bank robbers isn’t a bank safe. Cryptography is supposed…


This is a follow up from a Github issue thread about possible attack methods that could cause arbitrary reward problems and/or make the data have no wider use outside of computing the next hash (www.grassland.network)

Verified Computation

Grassland has a maturation period for its reward so they can’t be spent until after a sufficient number of period of time. But the qualifications for validity with Grassland are very unforgiving. If even 1% of your verified frames, tracklets, etc. etc. are erroneous, almost all of those that are still immature can never be used as inputs (they’re “slashed”). …


XOR, “exclusive or”, is a logical operation most commonly associated with computers. It outputs true only when the inputs differ, one must be true and the other be false in order for the expression, as a whole, to evaluate to true. If they’re both false or both true, the expression, as a whole, evaluates to false.

Many people want a future with self-driving cars. Nearly everyone would prefer a world with less propaganda. A future wherein we’d always have a dispassionate way to verify whether something is true or not is something pretty much everyone wants. Libertarians want a free…

David T

Mathematics, Programming and Stuff

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