4. CIVIL LAWSUIT
CIVIL LAWSUIT is the most classic and effective legal remedy to recover your debt.
In CIVIL LAWSUIT, court sets several pleading dates and both parties can submit written briefs before each pleading dates.
In CIVIL LAWSUIT, each party shall prove its allegation pursuant to the principle of distribution of burden of proof. Unlike other pre-litigation procedures (e.g. order of payment, provisional seizures), both parties can ask for various kinds of evidence (e.g. documents, witness, etc.) to prove its claim.
After several hearing dates, the court sets date for final decision. And renders final award.
When the final award is rendered, losing party can choose whether to appeal within 14 days from the date of receipt.
Korean legal structure follows 3-tier court system, from district court to supreme court.