The “Forced Breeding” myth in the “Irish slaves” meme
Liam Hogan

While there MAY not have been any forced breeding, there was still enough unforced breeding between the groups. Irish and Scotch women gave rise to the Free People of Color communities in the Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina Colonies. For example…

1. Mary Overton (Ovaton), born say 1728, was the servant of Alexander Waugh of Orange County, Virginia, in August 1746 when the court presented her for having a “malatto bastard” child [Judgments, August 1746

i. Ben, “free Negro” taxagble in Albemarle County on a slave and a horse in 1807 and 1809 [PPTL, 1800–13, frames 349, 395], perhaps the “cold” Ben Overton who was a “Fn” taxable in Richmond City in 1814 [PPTL 1799–1834].

ii. John, “Free negro” taxable on a horse in Caroline County in 1815 [PPTL, 1812–20].

iii. Isaac, “free negroe” taxable on a horse in Hanover County in 1814 [PPTL, 1804–24], perhaps the Isaac Overton who was a “Fn” taxable in Richmond City in 1814 [PPTL, 1799–1834].

iv. Marcia, “FN” taxable on a slave over the age of 12 in Richmond City in 1813 [PPTL, 1799–1834].


1. Anne Parr, born say 1732, was the servant of Archibald Stewart on 30 April 1754 when the Augusta County court adjudged that her bastard child was a “Mulato” and bound the child to her master [Orders 1753–5, 192]. She was probably the mother or grandmother of

i. Will, head of an Augusta County household of 8 “other free” in 1810 [VA:373].

There were close to a thousand women like these

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