The clocks.

“France couldn’t be the fatherland of anxiety-pills, the anti-depressant paradise, the Mecca of neurosis that it is if it weren’t for its simultaneously being the European champion of hourly productivity.”

Alcohol Research Notes:

“Alcohol treatment grew a great deal. When We looked at those patterns in the International Study of Alcohol Control Experiences (Makela et. al., 1981) across seven societies, we talked about how the growth of the treatment establishment was a kind of cultural alibi for the change in the cultural position of alcohol, for the change in social controls, both formal and informal, that existed around drinking.”

“Internal version of addiction…use out of control…a culturally and a socially specific concept…particularly found among middle-class people in northern and west European-based cultures. Other cultures…anthropologists…anthropological literature…plenty of summaries of literature that say alcoholism is basically a problem of Western industrial societies.”

“There are a lot of problems in many of the tribal and village societies that drink heavily — very severe alcohol problems often — but there isn’t this concept of the existential experience of addiction in the same way that we can recognize it in our own society”

Kunitz and Levy (1974) : shift in Navajo drinking and conceptions of drinking, as people move into the cash economy

- Expectations of work, time

-set of assumptions about control and predictability in one’s own life

-orienting the life to the clock

-existential experience

-worth enquiring, haven’t seen any good studies of this, to what extent that experience has a class basis in societies like ours

“to what extent the strong assumption of the necessity of an inbuilt self-control (and therefore the availability of an explanation in terms of a loss of self-control of why your life is being messed up) has a specific class base in our kind of societies”


Anthropologie — Addiction

“Internal version of addiction…use out of control…a culturally and a socially specific concept…particularly found among middle-class people in northern and west European-based cultures. Other cultures…anthropologists…anthropological literature…plenty of summaries of literature that say alcoholism is basically a problem of Western industrial societies.”

“There are a lot of problems in many of the tribal and village societies that drink heavily — very severe alcohol problems often — but there isn’t this concept of the existential experience of addiction in the same way that we can recognize it in our own society” — Robin Room (1988)

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