Coconut Fiber Types & Process of making coconut Fibre

Coconut supplier in tamilnadu

Its going to be an interesting topic that deals on coconut suppliers & exporters in India, Let’s see about the coconut fiber. As we know coconut has a botanically name called “Cocos nucifera” belongs to Palm family called “Arecaceae” and is abundantly grown across tamilnadu, kerala and around the tropical areas in the globe. coconut fiber is also widely used for various purposes across many industries. The commonly used name for coconut fiber is coir. coconut fiber plays a significant role with tender coconut suppliers in Tamilnadu

There are over 25 products that can be prepared with the coconut fiber are . They are Coir Yarn, Coir Ropes, Coir Mats, Coir Matting, Coir Tiles, Coir Mattings for Cricket Pitches, Coir Rugs, Coir Mourzouk, Coir Belts for industries, Coir Mattings for Roof Surface Cooling, Acoustic Barriers, Coir Geotextiles, Cocologs, Coir fibre beds (Cocobeds), Coir Composite Boards, Coir Fenders, Plant Climbers or Coco poles (Gardening Coir Grow Stick), Coir Baskets, Coco Pots (Moulded Coir Pots), Coir Fibre Discs (Tree Cover), Coco Chips (Husk Chips), Coco Peat, Coir Pith as Briquettes, Coco Lawn and much more. All these products plays key role with coconut coir suppliers & Coconut coir exporters in India.

When it comes to coconut coir exports across the world, India & Srilanka are taking the lead and then comes Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, & Thailand. There are basically two types of coconut fiber extracted from coconut husk at different stages of coconut.

Types of Coconut Fiber:

when coconut fiber is extracted from matured coconuts. They are naturally brown in color having a strong and thick nature and good abrasion resistance. This fiber is called Brown Fiber.

when coconut fiber is extracted from immature coconuts. They are naturally white in color having smooth and fine soft touch properties and it is also weaker than the brown fiber. This fiber is called White Fiber.

Process of making Coconut Fiber:

Making of coconut fiber and its products is a time-consuming process for coconut suppliers & coconut exporters. where different set techniques is being deriving the coconut fiber from the husk of the coconut. Coconut fruit is covered by coconut fiber over the strong husk layer. Coconut fiber is connected to strong husk pith that are chemically reactive.


Coconuts are picked at the right stages to cater the industry needs or the ripened coconut fallen on the ground is being collected and mounted in a specific where the next process of husking out would begin.


Now harvested coconut are divided in to categories and ripe coconuts are sent to the machinery or the laymen to begin the process of husking. The unripe coconuts are spread on the ground to dry for a month or more to obtain the level of maturing to husk out. All these husking process are nowadays made of sharp steel tip with opposite ejection handles to husk out the coconut fiber from the strong husk protected fruit.

Process of decomposing the husk’s pulp through natural & chemical process to separate the coir fiber is called retting. During this process husk are partially decomposed making it easier to separate the coconut Coir fiber & Coconut Coir Pith. Inorder to ret fully ripe coconut , Fresh water retting is used and inorder to ret green husk, Salt water retting is used.

Fresh water Retting:

Fully ripe husks are immersed in normal fresh water leaving it soaked for six month for the microbes to react and ease the process of retting.

Salt water Retting:

Green husks are immersed in artificially salinated water leaving it soaked for eight months or moo help completing the retting process.

But in modern days of retting, There is different methodology of retting process of coconut husk to defiber. that reduces months of retting in to days of retting.

For Fully Ripe Husk — mechanical process:

Fully ripe husk are crushed in the machine and retted only 7 to 10 days to start the process of separating the fiber. where the immature husk are dry milled for other purposes.

For Green Husk — mechanical process:

Green husk are crushed and dampened with water for one to two days and sent to defibering.


Manually workers use wooden mallets to beat on the pulp extracted after retting to defiber the pith and fiber, Now modern machines have steel drums with beater arms to separate the fiber and pith. Pith and Fiber are collected seperatly by using rotating steel drums. Later the fibers are cleaned by water and dried in the sun to extract clean fibers.

Later the fiber is sent to various industries and sub products are created like mentioned in the article. For more information related to coconut exports and coconut suppliers in tamilnadu. Please reach us on or visit our blog