Great piece. Most of us are seemingly unaware of the impact that our core theory of human nature has on our views and the way we interact with the world. All political discourse pivots on the central idea of how one defines human nature. Interestingly we often have a view for the “other” and one for our “self”. They are almost never identical.
The next step appears to be a view of human nature and society that is trans-survival. We have demonstrated our ability to survive in our current earth environment. For those that still struggle to survive it is largely a social issue due to improper distribution of resources.
In the US for example, we often define an individual’s value based on productive capacity. If you don’t work and produce, you don’t deserve access to basic human needs like food, shelter, healthcare, etc. This also leads to the belief that when people are given “something for nothing” they will revert to a hedonistic lifestyle of laziness and unconscious consumption.
So long as we see ourselves in an ongoing competition, largely defined by the six examples you have provided, the other is largely an enemy and at best only a temporary ally.