Drainage problems with a washing machine fall into one of two categories: either the water will not drain out of the washing machine, or the water will leave the machine, but it cannot flow properly through the drain pipes. Several different specific problems can cause these general problems, and diagnosing them can be a complicated matter. Some of the problems you can solve yourself, while others will probably require a call to an washing machine repairman.
Drainage problems can vary from being as simple as an obstruction in the drain hose to the need to replace a pump. But one thing is certain, when you have a problem with drainage you will be very attentive. . . The disaster on the floor may be your first and only clue!
Many times a clogged drain hose is the reason why your washer is not draining properly. Remove the hose and visually inspect it for obstructions. A garden hose can be used to remove any stubborn obstruction of the hose.
You can Remove the drain hose from back of the washer. Run a stream of moderate to high pressure water through it. If it is clogged, this should force the obstruction. Replace the hose in the washer by following these simple steps: the outlet is not more than 2.8 feet (85 cm) from the floor; the end of the hose has no more than 4.5 inches (11.4 cm) inside the drain hole; the drain hole is not closed with adhesive tape; and the hose is not bent. Then run a rinse / spin cycle. If it still does not drain, continue with the next step.
If you suspect your drain pump is clogged, you should drain the tub and then disconnect and inspect the hoses for foreign objects. Don’t forget to check the pump inlets. You may need to remove the pump from the washer in order to see it well.
If you have problems with your pump, there is a possibility that it has been locked. The engine will continue to run and try to start the pump. If the pump runs on a belt, the belt will burn or break, there is even a possibility that the pulley will break. Things can go from bad to worse if the engine continues to run with tension in the belt, which can cause the engine to seize.
Another possible problem could be that the bearings have clung to the pump or got stuck with a pen, coin or sock. It is also possible that the impeller blades have broken. In most cases, a new pump will solve the problem.
Drive Belt Problems
The pump is operated by a drive belt that fits around the pulleys at the bottom of the washer motor. If this belt is broken or not tight on the pulleys, the washer will have difficulty draining or may not drain at all. Fixing this will require you to turn the machine sideways to examine the belt. Homeowners can do it themselves, although many choose to have a repair person take care of a repair of this level.
Plumbing System Problems
If the water successfully leaves the machine but then spills out of the drain support tube or goes back into the bathtub, then the problem is probably a traditional drain obstruction. Because small cloth fibers are regularly washed through the system, it is common for drainage obstructions in the plumbing pipes in which the washer drains. A clogged drain causes water to return to the vertical pipe and spill on the floor. Cleaning the clogged drain will usually solve the problem.
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