The Foster Care Crisis: The Shortage Of Foster Parents In America
“Children being placed into foster care; a foster care system where there are not enough homes.”
Children abused. Children neglected. Children abandoned.
Children being placed into foster care; a foster care system where there are not enough homes.
The media and news continue to report on the shortage of foster parents and foster homes across the nation. In Georgia and Tennessee, child welfare workers fight to find homes for the increasing number of children in care. In Texas, the lack of foster parents results in some children from foster care sleeping in child welfare offices. In Indiana, where the number of children being placed into foster care has reached an all time high, the state is scrambling to find more foster parents to care for the increased number of children needing a home. On the West Coast, California faces the same challenge, as the shortage of foster parents has grown to record numbers. The Children’s Home Society in North Carolina struggle with their own “state of crisis.”
The shortage of foster homes across the nation can in part be attributed to the increase of children being placed into care. In some parts of the nation, there has been a sudden and large increase of children placed into care due much in part of an increase in parental drug usage and substance abuse, with Heroin use being the chief drug increasing among parents. Other substance abuse among parents include meth, cocaine and prescription medication abuse.
Other areas of the nation face the challenge of both recruiting foster parents and of retention, or of keeping strong foster parents. Indeed, the turnover rate of foster parents ranges from 30% to 50%. Thus, 30% to 50% of foster parents make the decision to no longer be a foster parent home for children in need. As a result, with the increase in children in foster care paired with the decrease in number of foster parents, the end result is simply that there are not enough homes for children in need to be placed in, or a child is moved from one home to another, and so on and so forth.
A recent study by The Foster Care Institute found that foster parent retention suffers from several different factors. To begin with, the majority foster parents taking part in the survey indicated that they were currently or had suffered from feelings of grief and loss. Of this number, half expressed they did not feel supported by their case worker or agency during this time, with only 36 stating that they did feel supported. A minority of foster parents surveyed stated that they felt that they were included in the decision making of the child placed in their home. A percentage of foster parents felt that they did not receive the training they needed each year to be an effective foster parent. Training and resources for foster parent burnout and grief also was lacking, as only 33% felt that they had adequate training in this regard. Furthermore, more than half felt that they wanted to quit being a foster parent at some point, with 19% of these stating that they felt like quitting more than once.
“Recruiting foster parents has become more and more challenging over the years,” said Kim Phagan-Hansel, editor of Fostering Families Today. “Today it’s so much more than taking a child into your home and providing food, shelter and love. There are hefty requirements for foster parents from on-going training to doctor, court and parental visitation appointments, in addition to the day-to-day demands of caring for the child.”
“In today’s world foster parents need to know so much more about child development and the impact of trauma on a child’s brain development,” Phagan-Hansel said. “Foster parents also need to understand that the first goal of foster care is to work toward reunification of a child with his or her parents and to help support that. It’s not an easy job and it requires a lot of time, energy and understanding of not only the needs of the child, but of the demands of the foster care system as well.”
The look of foster care and adoption. The author, Dr. DeGarmo, with his family.
To be sure, foster parenting can be incredibly challenging, and might just be the most difficult “job” a person tackles in one’s life. At the same time, it can also be the most rewarding job a person does in his or her lifetime. Lives are changed for the better, not only for the child many times, but for the foster parent, as well. In order for a child in need to find a loving, safe, and stable home, foster parents need to find the emotional, educational, physical, and financial support they need, as well. If not, both the child in foster care and the foster parent will suffer.
And a child will not have a place to call home.
Dr. John DeGarmo is an international parenting and foster care expert and a TEDx Talk presenter. Dr. DeGarmo has been a foster parent for 17 years, and he and his wife have had over 60 children come through their home. He is an international consultant to schools, legal firms, and foster care agencies, as well as an empowerment and transformational speaker and trainer for schools, child welfare, businesses, and non profit organizations. He is the author of several books, including The Foster Care Survival Guide and writes for several publications. Dr. John has appeared on CNN HLN, Good Morning, America, ABC, CBC, NBC, FOX, and elsewhere, He and his wife have received many awards, including the Good Morning America Ultimate Hero Award. He can be contacted at drjohndegarmo@gmail, through his Facebook page, Dr. John DeGarmo, or at The Foster Care Institute.