INFERTILITY TREATMENTS FOR WOMEN
Infertility is the incompetence to get pregnant after a year of unprotected intercourse. Both male and female can be responsible for infertility. Many infertility treatments are both available for men and women and are quite successful. Infertility treatments depend on the cause, your age, how long you have been infertile and personal preferences.
However some women could just require one or two treatments to restore fertility and some might not respond to any.
There could be various causes that lead to female infertility. Some of the female infertility causes are-
Ovulation problems because of –
- Hormonal imbalance
- A tumor or cyst in the ovary
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Thyroid gland dysfunction
- Extremely brief menstrual cycles
Damage to the Fallopian tube can be caused due to-
- Pelvic inflammation
- Endometriosis or fibroids
- Scar tissue or adhesions
- Previous tubal surgery
- Birth defect
Female infertility can be diagnosed with the combinations of blood tests, urine samples and ultrasounds.
How female infertility is treated
With the advancement in medical sciences, various methods are available for the treatment and restoration of fertility. Depending on the prime cause of infertility, upon your doctor’s recommendations and personal preference you may opt for infertility treatments.
If you have been diagnosed with tubal blockage or pelvic disease, laparoscopy is a successful treatment plan. Doctor uses a laparoscope to treat endometriosis, open blocked tubes or remove ovarian cysts.
In this procedure doctor places a hysteroscopy into the uterus through cervix. It is used to remove any fibroids, tumors and also to open tubes.
In case of ovulation problems, your doctor may prescribe you drugs to trigger ovulation. They help in releasing multiple eggs to attain successful pregnancy.
Intra uterine insemination
For this procedure, the doctor places a male sperm (semen) into your uterus when you re ovulating. It is the scientific way for inserting a male sperm into the uterus fir fertilization.
IVF invite fertilisation
In this procedure, the sperm is fertilized outside the uterus, in a dish. Doctors give medications for egg release process, and when these eggs are releases and mature, they are extracted from ovaries using a medical probe.
Sperms are then collected and added to the eggs in a dish (in-vitro) for fertilization. Several days later, embryos or fertilized eggs are attached to the uterus for further growth.
ICSI intracytoplasmic sperm injection
In this technique the doctor injects sperms directly into the egg in a dish and transfers it into the uterus. This technique doesn’t require eggs to be fertilized in a dish.
GIFT and ZIFT
In ZIFT (zygote intra fallopian tube transfer), the doctor places the fertilized eggs at a stage called zygote into the fallopian tubes within 24 hours. In GIFT (gamete intrafallopian tube transfer), the sperms and eggs are mixed together before a doctor inserts them.
This can help if your ovaries that don’t work right but uterus are normal. It involved removing eggs from the ovary of the donor. After in-vitro fertilization doctor transfers the fertilized eggs into your uterus.
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