Autism and Early Signs of Symptoms

When someone refers to Autism today, it is not a single mental or neurological condition they are referring to, rather five diverse and complex brain-based disorders, whose umbrella term is called Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD. There are five complex neurological conditions, which affects the behavior of a person as well as their social and communication skills. According to the Centre for Disease Control, ASD has been defined as developmental disabilities, which cause substantial impairments in social, interactive and communicative abilities of an individual. The standard behavior is replaced with unusual patterns of behavior and interests. People with ASD have their own unique way of learning, paying attention and reacting to different sensations. From one individual to another, the learning speed and thinking abilities in people with ASD varies — from gifted to severely impaired. Symptoms of any form of ASD can emerge before the age of 3 and lasts throughout an individual’s life.

Is Autism in girls different from that in boys? Research and clinical studies still have to make conclusive statements about it. However, it has been noted that autism is four times more likely to affect boys than girls. However, autism is not race or ethnicity oriented and can emerge in any child from any social groups. There is no one single cause for autism but many. The best explanation science has come up with is a glitch in one’s genetic composition. With twin studies, scientists have determined that autism is a genetic condition. For instance, if one identical twin has autism then there is an 80–90% likelihood of the other twin to be diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Today, through mobile apps for autism as well as various online tests for ASD, a parent can feel supported to cope with it.

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