Rett Syndrome — A Rare Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Rett Syndrome is a non-inherited genetic neurological disorder, which is exclusive to girls. Lives of children affected with this rare disorder lead to severe impairments, most often affecting majority aspects from losing their ability to speak, walk and eat to even breathe normally. Cognitive assessment of children suffering from Rett syndrome is complicated, in fact a hallmark to this condition is a near constant repetitive hand movements in children while they are awake.

A unique aspect about this form of autism is that a child is more than capable of understanding what is being communicated. They are able to understand more than they can communicate with us, so much can be figured by their wide, bright and attentive eyes. In addition, children with this condition have an ability to express a wide spectrum of moods and emotions.

Rett Syndrome is perhaps the rarest among all severe types of autism, moreover, the one disorder that can be confirmed through a series of medical tests. Special children need Autism teaching strategies, sensory therapies, behavioral therapies, learning therapies, communication therapies and more to cope with everyday life, let alone find a place for themselves in today’s competitive world.

Causes of Rett Syndrome

Rett Syndrome is one of the rarest among all disorders in the Autism Spectrum Disorder, so is the cause of this disorder. Unlike autism, which may only have a genetic predisposition, Rett Syndrome is considered a genetic disorder. However, an interesting fact about this condition is that in most cases there is no family history of autism. This condition is often the result of a genetic mutation that randomly occurs in a gene. Only one percent of the recorded cases are known to be cases where the condition has been inherited. This means all the remaining cases were simply spontaneous and random glitches.

Stages of Rett Syndrome

There are four primary stages. Before the first stage emerges, a child will seem to grow and develop like any other child. The initial symptoms may only include sensory issues for instance troubles with crawling, walking and eye contact, all of which were initially fine. As the stage, advances these mental as well as physical symptoms start to get worse or regress. In the most advanced stage, there is also loss in the use of hands, which leads to compulsive and repetitive hand movements.