CW: Resilience is exactly the right word. You help the social fabric of the city, always keeping the historic layers. People and neighbourhoods that have been there a long time are some of the best watchdogs. Younger people, a better mix of ages, a variety of businesses and organizations, and encouraging people to stay in places longer, creates more incentives for people to help each other. Ultimately, an environment where people are getting help from one another creates resilience.
IK: Yes, urban terrorism doesn’t just happen. There is the so-called “life cycle of radicalization”. People who address violent extremism work on a broad range of issues, from religious belief to family structure and the role of women as leaders in the community. In a world where the wall has again become a potent symbol, design has a role.
“Design is not about interacting with a computer; it’s about interacting with the world.” he adds. “To deal with today’s large, complex problems, design education needs to change to include multiple disciplines, technology, art, the social sciences, politics, and business.”