People First

what it means to build for inclusive community participation (in civic tech/public life)

**Direct transcript of a talk delivered at the 2014 Code for America Summit by Laurenellen McCann. Links to full video of this talk and the accompanying panel discussion (now with more Terminator references) below.

At the risk of creating a massive existential crisis, I want to start my talk by asking, “What is community?” Who gets to decide what a community is? Who’s involved? What skills you need to get in the club?

And for that matter, what’s a “tech community?” What definition of technology are we using to describe the “tech sector,” the “civic tech sector”—all of us, here in this room?

We need to be able to answer these questions concretely, even though it’s so easy to refer to them in the abstract because “communities” are groupings of individual people, and you can’t really organize people if you can’t define who it is that you’re trying to mobilize.

And if you can’t define who it is that you’re trying to mobilize, you also can’t identify who you’re not reaching.

This is something we were thinking a lot about in my fair city, Washington, DC, earlier this year when we had the opportunity to organize the “DC tech community” (whatever that is) to participate in a massive cultural festival: a Funk Parade.

A Funk Parade, as the name implies is a huge music, arts, cultural festival, largely related to funk music, but also related to the soul of our city. And this Funk Parade, which was as awesome and maybe even more so than these drummers display, was explicitly designed to cross boundaries within a city that has a lot of divides.

The Funk Parade was designed to bring together long-term residents and short-term residents, people regardless of their race, age, sexuality, gender, their income, their opinions on the city. The Funk Parade was a hub for all of those people — and for those of us who had been long time investors exploring what civic technology means in DC, it was a community organizing goldmine. This was a huge opportunity for us to get outside of ourselves, to stop having our own existential crisis about who we were and who we were reaching and who we weren't reaching and actually design a program that could bring together a lot of different people — and bring a lot of different people together in the name of work that was being done by residents for residents.

I’m describing this as though it’s just Funk Parade that has this magical quality, but it’s actually all manner of cultural spectacle — all manner of street festivals and flea markets, farmer’s markets, block parties, these communal barn-raisings that magnetize people and bring them together.

Often when we talk about “civic participation” we talk about “meeting people where they are”, but we so rarely take it literally. So, if you get only one thing out of my talk, I want you to know that you need to join this conga line. You need to literally meet people where they are.

We’re not doing civic technology right if we are not stepping out of our own contexts and into the contexts of the communities that we’re working for.

When we were thinking about what this “for” means in the context of the Funk Parade, we realized at some point that it wasn't going to be enough just to bring together technologists and put them inside a funk setting.

What we actually needed to do was to create opportunities for people coming off the street to dig in[to civic tech], to do user testing, to make LED throwies (of which we made over 115), to think about technology differently, and to create access points where [instead of] obsessing over the word “access,” we are in the middle of activity.

The way in which we achieved that was through a model that we riffed on from Detroit called the DiscoTech that in DC we called The Tech Embassy.

The Tech Embassy is effectively a hands on science fair for arts and technology, and you can read a lot more about how we applied this idea of community targeting and community inclusion online at

That’s not what I want to leave you with.

What I want to leave you with are two challenges.


One, again, literally meet people where they are. Get creative. Set up a booth at a flea market. Be like Boston and create a food truck that actually goes and delivers municipal services. Creativity is key when we’re thinking about how we get outside of ourselves.


But more than that, to Catherine’s point, I want to unpack this idea very quickly about what it means to “build with and not for,” because, you see, we have an imperative that we are not living up to in civic tech.

We have an imperative when we are designing technology that will literally change the way government works, that will change the way society works, to make sure that we are not building a new world for ourselves alone. We have an imperative to identify the real people our work is seeking to impact, to make sure that we are not acting on their behalf, but including them in the design process from Day Zero — that we are working together, that we are putting each other first, and that we are focusing on communities.

There can be no trickle down civic tech.

We’re only going to win if we can get concrete, if we can see each other as human, and if we can keep our eyes on the long term.


Original recording:

Following panel discussion:

    Laurenellen McCann!!

    Written by

    Systemic change or bust. #BuildWith Founder, Trainer, and Strategist.! Art-maker. Metal af. Pronouns: they/them and he/him.

    Welcome to a place where words matter. On Medium, smart voices and original ideas take center stage - with no ads in sight. Watch
    Follow all the topics you care about, and we’ll deliver the best stories for you to your homepage and inbox. Explore
    Get unlimited access to the best stories on Medium — and support writers while you’re at it. Just $5/month. Upgrade