Different Types Of Printing Techniques On T-Shirts

Customising a tee is always a great idea and a new trend among youngsters. But do you know which printing method is suitable for you?

Basically there are two types of printing techniques available when it comes to customising t-shirts.
So let’s take a look what they are:

Heat Transfer
The process of applying an ink based design on t-shirts with the help of a heat pressing machine is known as heat transfer. The heating machine presses the design to transfer it on the surface of a garment.

Heat pressing machines are made to control three major factors: temperature, duration and pressure. A common example shows that while customising a synthetic open mesh sports jersey, it is recommended to press the design or logo at about three hundred degree Fahrenheit for ten seconds. On the contrary, when a plastisol transfer is applied, the best way to apply the designs is to press them at three hundred and fifty degrees Fahrenheit for about ten seconds. Custom printed heat transfers provide a great comfort in sports jerseys and other fashionable tees.

A heat transfer process is further categorised into two processes. One is already mentioned above ie. plastisol transfer and the other is paper inkjet printing.

  • Plastisol Transfers

In this method the design is first applied on a special paper and then it is transferred on the product. The designs are printed on the paper through the process of screen printing. After the print is applied on the paper, a uniform heat is applied on the garment along with the paper kept underneath. The design work is kept facing the garment.

  • Paper Inkjet Printing

In this method, an inkjet printer is used to print a sheet of transfer paper. The paper is then laid on the tee and a heat press is applied for few seconds. Paper inkjet printers cannot print white colours and thus, special type of papers are applied which themselves transfer the white colour on the garment.

Screen Printing

The process of screen printing was discovered by the Chinese thousands of years ago. Screen printing is a bit complex than heat transfers. The process requires a number of equipment and chemicals. To form a screen, emulsion is required and to transfer the design ink thinner, emulsion remover and dehaze is needed. In addition, the equipment includes a washout booth to clean the screen and to create the design on the garment.

Therefore, these are the two basic printing techniques used on tees. Each printing method has its own benefit and is utilised for specific types of garments.