Helsinki, Finland: History Explained

Have you ever wondered how most cities in this world were founded? Each city should have an interesting story to tell in regards to their history in the past. Starting from how a location of a city was chosen in the past to be the center of a country or kingdom. Take Helsinki, Finland for an instance. The capital city of Finland, which also is the largest city was made famous around the middle ages era. Prior to the middle ages era, Helsinki, Finland was a small and quiet fishing village for more than two decades. So, what happened during the middle ages to the city of Helsinki, Finland? Here is the story of looking back to the past period when Helsinki, Finland was first founded. Please note that the history of Helsinki, Finland did contain a lot of hardship and death, so it may not represents the joyful city as if it is today.

History of Helsinki, Finland

The main city of Finland’s past

During the year of fifteen hundred, Helsinki, Finland was named as Helsingfors by the King Gustav the first from Sweden, which later changed its name to Helsinki later on. The Swedish king founded the town with an aim to serve as a place for trade consolidation of the southern area of Finland. However, it was not the only purpose of the establishment for the town, the Swedish King was also plan to create a rival city for Reval, which also known as Tallinn nowadays, as a centre of local trade. At that time, King Gustav the first worried about whether he could successfully build a rival city of trade. So, to ensure his plan worked, the Swedish king ordered some of his people from a few of another city to move to Helsinki. Sadly, the king’s effort to build a rival trading town was not as successful as he wanted. This is due to the Livonian war that caused Swedish kingdom shift its focus to the war.

The forgotten city until the eighteen hundred eras

After the war, the kingdom of Sweden lost its interest on building the city of Helsinki and it was left as a forgotten village for more than two decades. There were indeed some efforts from the local and the kingdom rulers to improving the trade in the town by shifting the Helsingfors city to the harbour at the mouth of the Vantaa river or also known in Sweden as Vanda, located south from the original town location. However, the efforts have once again failed to attract traders from the opposing ends. Not only the failure to attract newcomers, the situation worsens by the terrible attack of deadly plague in the seventeen hundred. The plague was catastrophic disease killed more than half of the population of Helsinki, Finland. With the other half of fragile inhabitants left in the town, the city remains quiet until the famous Suomenlinna fortress was constructed in late seventeen hundred, in response to prevent an attack from Russia. However, despite the effort with the fortress, Russian still managed to captured the city of Helsinki in early eighteen hundred.

If you want to know more about Helsinki, Finland, you can find out more about their facts on this page. Don’t forget to check out the facts about Helsinki, Finland before you spend your holiday there.

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