Singular and Plural Pronoun Antecedent

A Pronoun is a part of speech that comes in the place of a noun. However, it is a substitute of the noun. It refers to a place, thing, person, quality, etc.
Example:
Students are revising their syllabus during the test preparation. They are practicing sample question papers and other study documents.
Here, ‘They’ is the pronoun and it refers the students.

Antecedent: It is a word, phrase or clause to which a pronoun refers. It is placed before the pronoun. However, antecedent means that precedes something. In a sentence, antecedent is the word, which is referred by a pronoun in the next sentence. However, both antecedent and pronoun should be same in number. For instance, if the antecedent is singular, then the pronoun that refers back to that word, should be singular.

Some useful rules for antecedent:
• If the subject is a compound subject means if the subject is joined by ‘and’ then based on that, the suitable pronoun should be used.
Example: Bob and Ritu are preparing for their annual examination. They are taking online learning assistance.

If ‘or’ or ‘nor’ is used in a sentence, then pronoun should be used based on the subject, which is closer or closest to the pronoun.

• If the noun represents a team or a jury, then the pronoun should be singular.
Example:
The team has won the football match. Here, ‘team’ is singular and the pronoun referred to this noun should be singular.

Some singular indefinite pronouns are no one, someone, each, everything, either, neither, etc.
Some plural indefinite pronouns are few, several, many, both, etc.

• If the object is uncountable, then the pronoun should be singular. On the other hand, if the object is countable, then the pronoun needs to be plural.

• Subjective Personal Pronoun: I, we, you, she, he, etc.
• Objective Personal Pronoun: Us, me, you, him, her, etc.
• Possessive Personal Pronoun: Ours, yours, mine, hers, his, its, etc.
• Interrogative Pronoun: Who, what, whom, whoever, whatever, etc.
• Demonstrative pronoun: These, those, this, etc.
• Relative Pronoun: Whom, which, whichever, etc.
• Reflexive pronoun: Yourself, myself, itself, himself, etc.