Writing Paragraph Structure
Paragraphs are the fundamental structure of writing. A paragraph comprises several sentences, which are relevant to each other. In brief, paragraph is the group of sentences, which are written on a particular topic. However, it is designed to discuss about a topic. In the formal writing, paragraphs are essential as each of these delineates the information. Each paragraph contains different information and together it structures an article, essay and others. Without having a paragraph the entire write up will be uninteresting.
However, each paragraph is structured with the three parts-topic sentence, body sentences and concluding sentence.
Topic Sentence: This sentence is the main sentence and it is written at the beginning of each paragraph. In a formal writing, the topic sentence comes at the starting of each paragraph, but it can be written in different places also. However, topic sentence should be a general sentence without much detail. It represents the overall idea that is discussed in the entire paragraph.
• A clearly stated sentence without detail.
• The preview for the readers.
• The main component that attracts the readers.
Supporting or Body Sentences: Supporting sentences contain the relevant information of the topic sentence. Based on the topic sentence or the main idea, some more sentences are added in each paragraph so that the readers can get a clear perception about something. Hence, supporting sentences are quite important in the paragraphs. However, these sentences should be pertinent, engaging and concise.
• These sentences describe the main idea.
• Each of these offers explanation.
• This type of sentence imparts additional information.
Concluding Sentence: Concluding sentence is the last sentence that sum up the entire paragraph. This sentence imparts the final idea or a conclusion of the entire discussion done in each paragraph. This sentence summarizes the entire information and it is a kind of topic sentence, but the tone of this sentence should be compact and cogent.
• Draw a connection of the entire explanation.
• A sentence that ends up the entire discussion.
Some guidelines for formal writing:
Informal — Acceptable
Don’t = Do not
Aren’t = Are not
Weren’t= were not
Couldn’t= could not
Won’t = will not
When to start a new paragraph:
• The writer should start a new paragraph when he/she is going to add a new point.
• To delineate a contrast between two ideas or points.
• After a discussion when a pause is needed.
• After the introduction when the explanation is going to commence.