Got Vertigo? Get an ENT Consult
Each ear nose throat doctor should have a diagnostic chair in which he or she turns the patient in all directions. This will cause dizziness and help the physician confirm their diagnosis. In addition, warm water is injected into the patient’s ear canal, one ear after the other, with the ENT observing the patient’s reactions.
Sometimes it may be necessary to seek the advice of other specialists and have additional examinations performed, such as an MRI.
Benign paroxysmal vertigo
Both ears must give similar indications. If the information differs from one ear to the other, a loss of balance must be focused on. This could be probably due to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. But there may be other causes, hence the battery of tests carried out by ear nose throat doctor.
Meniere’s disease, for example, is caused by a hyper-pressurization of the inner ear. It causes dizziness that can last from twenty minutes to more than twenty-four hours and is often accompanied by characteristic signs: clogged ear feeling, tinnitus, etc. Inflammation of the vestibular nerve (which transmits nerve impulses to the brain), which is caused by a virus, can also cause severe vertigo and is associated with nausea and vomiting.
The above issues are triggered the moment the patient moves their head. Only one ear is affected by inflammation and it is this asymmetry that is responsible for the symptoms that occur.
Drugs and rehabilitation
Medicines help relieve each problem, including anti-nausea and sedatives prescribed by an ent doctor. A background treatment can be prescribed then depending on the type of dizziness. There are times where a patient may have bouts that practically “disable” them, at which point, hospitalization is necessary.
To treat benign paroxysmal vertigo, the ear doctor carries out a therapeutic maneuver (a so-called release maneuver) to relieve the patient’s vertigo. Vestibular neuritis (inflammation of the nerve) is treated with medicine, but the doctor may also suggest a few rehabilitation sessions that are intended to compensate for the dysfunction of the affected nerve. The latter will help the brain to correctly use more systems involved in balancing the body (vision, proprioception).
In the case of a patient with Meniere’s disease, prolonged drug treatment planning gives good results, generally. There are twelve pairs of cranial nerves. The lesion of a nerve may, for example, result in disturbances in paralysis of a part of the face. For more information on this and other ENT issues, contact an ENT specialist today.