Weekly Journal Update Number Five
February 9th: “Kings of Leadership Roles”
- Agamemnon was a king and general of the army (role of strategist)
- Antony was also a general/military leader
- Cleopatra was a queen of Egypt; can’t necessarily command because she was a woman….so she seduced.
- Socrates had a philosophical (unofficial) leadership role.
- Spartans on a leadership level: does not take coward ship lightly; military leadership.
- Women sayings in the module: exploit the men who are cowards; mold masculinity into the young men.
- The poet’s job was to speak the values of the community….similar to the women’s sayings.
- My Image: Taking my parents to the Bahamas — apart from the overall idea of me being successful in my career once I am done with college that I will be able to save up and take them on a nice vacation, this is a place they have a lot of memories in. My parents used to go to the Bahamas a lot before I was born and when I was a newborn. So this will be a trip that is familiar to them, but new to me.
- The term “leading up” — the unofficial leader making a lot of “leadership” decisions; usually tend to make their way up to a leader.
- What leader do you relate to the most? I believe that I relate to Socrates the most, just mainly because of the “unofficial” leader role. I mainly look as myself as a leader when it comes to my younger brother. I didn’t really ask to become a leader and role model to him but when my mom decided to have another child, I had no other choice but to take responsibility.
- Back to women's’ sayings — underlying tone of how all Spartans are the best. The second saying explained how the woman is not babying her son, he is a grown man fighting for his country.
(class period ~1.5 hours)
Moving on from writing poems and songs about leadership and the wars fought between territories, we switch to the physical artifacts during the time period. Dr. Krotscheck states that Alexander the Great, Augustus, and Trajan are spoken about during this module. The artifacts that are spoken about in this module are called, “material culture.” Iconography (images and symbols relating to a specific subject), iconology (the study of the images and symbols relating to a specific subject), and material culture are the artifacts that are found during the specific time period.
- *Listening for Leadership: In my world, I saw leadership in the White House, while Barack Obama was president. Unfortunately, now good leadership is not currently present in the White House. At a country stand point, some can say that Washington, D.C. is the location of leadership in America…many of the major federal and judicial buildings are located in the capital of the United States (National Leaderhip). One example of leadership is Dr. MLK’s “I Have a Dream” speech….the speech spoke upon a different outlook on America, and how he planned to lead America into this great change(Community/National Leadership). The main way that material culture exploits power is by the meaning and reaction it has upon the views. For example, popular material culture resonates the same among certain groups and people, but ultimately in the end if the material culture provokes emotion and thought among the people then it is holding power.
- Step One: *Listening for Leadership: The “Alexander Mosaic” captures the victory of Alexander the Great during the Battle of Issus with very muted colored stones. This brings the vibe of the seriousness and hard work it took to defeat Darius III. Paying attention to close detail of the artwork, it makes sense that Alex the Great would be the man towering over everyone else in the mosaic, in the gold headpiece. Looking closely at his facial features, Alex the Great looks like a powerful leader ready to conquer all. He has a very certain and power-driven look on his face. Darius III, appears to be the man on the opposite side of the mosaic, with the anxious/nervous look upon his face. You can also figure out that both of these men are the “leaders” because they have the most defined features and are looking directly at each other. The founders of the artwork probably provoked a response that included not specifically on what leadership is, but the idea of power and how it controls others.
- Step Two: Alexander the Great is said to be one of the first leaders to have a certain “look” that was displayed on material culture. When reading Pollitt’s chapter on Royal iconography, he starts out with the fact that writing (newspapers, poems, books, etc.) and artwork provides a different response from the audience. Pollitt explains that with Classical Greek art, the artists focused more on the buildings/events rather than the actually people. With Hellenistic Greek artists, they focus more on the leaders and how they had control over specific events.
- -Alex the Great only allowed Lysippos to sculpt his portrait because he knew that Lysippos would perfectly sculpt his physical appearance. He believed that Lysippos was the only person who could “bring out his real character” and sculpt it in bronze.
- -The marble portraits show the determination as well as the certainty within himself. The portraits shows Alex the Great as a man that the city can count on protecting them.
- -The coins that include Alex the Great on them shows his profile that has a very unwavering intense look on his face. Many of the coins incorporate important gods/leaders in different areas during this time.
- -The overall idea of this chapter is to show the audience how physical art/artifacts provides a different response as to how people viewed the leader and how the leader was perceived to be. The material culture is able to allow the audience to visually see the leader and how they believe that the leader behaved/responded. This relates to how the leader worked with specific artists when sculpting as well as how their facial features were expressed.
- -Alex the Great’s successors imitated this approach because their was none like it before. Alex was one of the first leaders to be featured on Hellenistic artwork so the style was like none other. Many leaders after Alex appreciated the style and proceeded to follow in the same direction.
- -Strength, Determination (facial expressions in general), and overall Trustworthiness are examples of leadership traits that are able to be expressed through material culture.
February 14th: “Material Culture”
- “arrangement of a room/building and how this portrays leadership.”
- An example that applies to HU students: Betsy DeVos meeting here with President Fredrick.
- Personal beliefs, how the meeting will impact the future of the school funding, how the students will react are problems that President Fredrick most likely had to deal with when deciding to meet with her or not.
- With leadership, everything is a possibility — nothing is certain, you just increase/decrease the possibility.
- Taking the deal and being the first born — ultimately it will help the later generations, like how I think about my little brother.
(class period ~1.5 hours)
February 14th (cont’d):
- Step Three: The Romans began to adapt to Hellenistic styles when dealing with art and traditions.
- The Romans used iconography to create the Altar of Peace and show the leadership style of the rulers during the time.
- *Listening for Leadership (Pt. 1): The sculpture of Augustus that is shown in the video makes him look really young and youthful; this could be the perception that younger men are the strongest. His hair was kept short, and he wore short sleeved garments, exposing most of his arms and legs. He most likely did this to show off his strength.
- *Listening for Leadership (Pt. 2): Similarities between Alex the Great and Augustus is that they both had a similar facial expression in their sculptures….Augustus whole body is depicted in his sculpture, with explicit detail to the clothing garments on his body. He is kind of shown as the leader/head of everyone else, especially the sculpture with the baby at the bottom…it makes him seem like he is leading the young to greatness. The fact that Augustus has women and children on his monument depicts the idea that Augustus recognizes them as people of society, and they have just as much of an impact on the future as the men do. Nature,fertility, and religion are the 3 main elements of the Altar of Peace; fertility and the growth of a civilization is important way of seeing if a leader is improving the population, as well as the good of the people. Religion played a major role during this time period…respecting the gods will allow you to prosper and live a peaceful life. Nature and the well-being of the community shows how organized and concerned a leader is for his surroundings and the surroundings of his followers. By making these three things the elements of the altar, this means that these things are important to Augustus.
- Step Four: Trajan was a Roman emperor (53–117 AD) known for conquering most of Europe and expanding Rome to the largest extent it had ever reached. Roman emperors during the time still looked to Alex the Great’s sculptures and replicated many of the qualities depicted.
- The module explained that Trajan rocked a bowl cut and clean shaven face to exhibit more of a military leader unlike Alex the Great who had longish hair and gave off the “godly” vibe.
- “Trajan Forum”is a building used to hold the court and legislative activities.
- Step Five: Much of the Roman art was described as “a language with pictures”…by looking at the column and “reading” the images that are inscribed, you can learn about the history during the time period.
- One of the only examples of bildsprache I can think of is comics…they use pictures and minimal to know words to tell a story.
- *Listening to Leadership (Pt.1): The Dacians are the ones that are on the ground dead and also don’t have as much armor as the Romans. I can only see one woman, but I see many children heading back to the waiting ships. The Romans are not always depicted as winners in every slide — they show the struggle and the hard ships of the battle; they didn’t make it seem like it was an easy win.
- *Listening to Leadership (Pt. 2): Trajan is portrayed as a leader in the scenes because he is seen helping the others (soldiers, children,etc.) This is a good leadership trait since he is putting his followers, before himself. Surprisingly, it is hard to recognize him in a few of these scenes, which provides the idea that the “story” is to be focused more on the troops and the civilians than Trajan himself. Also, the soldiers all look different, capturing specific features of each individual soldier. Even though the Romans weren’t necessarily able to look at the pictures of what happened during the battle, the overall thing to take away is that the monument was able to be made…think about it. The monument was made to show the conquering of the Dacians…the story is not only in the wall, but is the overall monument.
- Step Six: Overall there are many similarities and differences between material culture during the Roman empire, compared to modern times. When dealing with sculptures of leaders, they continue to still make the same facial expression — a serious, muted, expression used to show the power and how serious they take their leadership role is usually depicted. Since we don’t really have wars/battles, we don’t have many monuments showing scenes from a current war or battle. Material culture that is created now usually deals with remembering a leader or tragedy that struck our country. Material culture is also used as a way to show generations completely down the line, and even from other parts of the world how great of a leader a specific person was by their sculpture. Also allows the audience to look at their appearance/facial features to come up with their own opinion of leaders from history.