Capitalism Produce and Reproduce Indonesian Migrant Workers
Every year, there is an increase in migration and delivery of Indonesian Workers (TKI) abroad. Various treatments were received by Indonesian Migrant Workers (TKI) abroad, torture that caused disability to death, and even some were confined to a room with dogs and their torturers were released by the court. Some even have their index finger removed, the spine broken, and the tongue cut and much more.
Why the number of migrant workers increasingly increasing? What is the relationship between the reproduction of TKI and the capitalist system?
Theory of Primitive Accumulation
In Marxism, there is a concept called primitive accumulation. Primitive Accumulation is the historical process of producer divorce from the means of production. It appears as “primitive” because it is a prehistory of capital and from the mode of production that corresponds to capital. In other words, primitive accumulation is an accumulation that occurs before capital accumulation, so that some scientists often require primary accumulation. Primitive accumulation allows the transition from feudalism to capitalism.
Primitive accumulation has occurred since the 14th century, even though capitalism was only born in the 16th century. deprivation of property, fraudulent seizure of territories, theft and seizure of feudal lands (in the interests of capital accumulation) all of which are included in the general methods of primitive accumulation.
There are three objectives of primitive accumulation. First, of course, to increase capital. This is clear. But not only that, because through this primary accumulation, also, secondly, the owners of capital get a supply of labor. Because they no longer have access to the means of production and natural resources, there is no other way to survive for those who were previously producers, except, selling their labor to capital owners, or in other words, becoming proletariat. And the third, which also should not be ignored is that primary accumulation expands the market. Regions that have economic subsistence patterns, must now buy products to fulfill their daily needs.
This review of primitive accumulation above cannot be generalized in the context of the region by region, because capitalism works globally. Because, the economic inequality (Margin) between North and South  is also an advantage for capitalists that they can get cheaper migrant workers, especially in regions where a lot of production is diverted there.  However, this primitive accumulation still occurs in the form of production expansion. With this expansion, capitalism can expand and thus extend its breath. The problem of overproduction and underconsumption, which is certain to occur if the isolation of capital in one region becomes resolved because of the emergence of new consumers.
Investment and Reproduction of Migrant Workers
In Indonesia, this expansion of production can be seen from the graph of the increase of direct investment in Indonesia as shown in the graph below:
Domestic Direct Investment (PMDN) in Billion Rupiah
PMA (Foreign Investment) in Million USD
However, the increase in investment is directly correlated with the increase in agrarian conflict in the last 3 years. The final report of the Agrarian Reform Consortium (KPA) in the last 3 years noted that in 2016 there were 450 conflicts, with the area of 1,265,027 hectares and involving 86,745 households, in 2017 there were 659 conflicts with the area of conflicts 520. 491.87 hectares, involving 652,738 Households, Throughout 2018 KPA noted that at least 410 agrarian conflicts had occurred with an area of conflict reaching 807,177,613 hectares and involving 87,568 households. For simplicity, look at the table below:
it’s mean that, when the people’s lands were seized by corporations for investment purposes, people who initially owned the means of production (land) were now forced to become workers, both in their territory and in migration. So, it is not a coincidence that increased investment, agrarian conflict, is associated with increasing migrant workers.
Data from BNP2TKI (National Agency for the protection and placement of international migrant workers) for the last 3 years shows a graph of the number of migrant workers  which increases every year wherein 2016 its about 234,451 migrant workers, in 2017 its about 262,899 people, and increased again in 2018 with amount of 283,640 as shown in the table below:
Working Class Responsibilities
For a person who studies seriously and never loses his stand to defend the oppressed people, then the effects of investment boosted by the government on the reproduction of migrant workers indicate that this system (capitalism) has a crisis in the core of its whole paradigm. Reproduce the working class and continue to threaten human life. It is not guaranteed that the working class absorbed in this system will work forever (no sacked) because one of the logic that prevails among capitalists is competition.
By looking at the increasingly massive of primitive accumulation in today’s conjuncture, the global working class must take a pure position that is not tempted by stupid agendas such as changing from inside to fight against today’s imperialist offensive. It is also important that the global labor movement develops strategies and forms alliances with other resistance forces that share their vision of the world beyond neoliberalism, imperialism, and capitalism. Also, the need for a stronger union of workers both at home and abroad with the vision of building a political (party) forum that contains their voices in the future.
 Karl Marx, Capital: A Critique of Political Economy Vol 1.
 The use of the North-South term was chosen because, in the first, second, and third world terminology, the second world state had begun to be difficult to find (even some became part of imperialism or vice versa). The North includes North America, Western Europe, Some East Asian Countries, while the south includes Africa, Latin America, and Developing Countries in Asia and the Middle East.
 In today’s capital monopoly conditions many productions are not centered in an imperial state, but is shifted to peripheral and semi-peripheral countries (depending on logistics and supply chain costs )
 Migrant workers, In particular, the domestic (Household) sector began with the Philippines, Thailand, India, and Nepal since the 1970s, while Indonesia came later, in the late 80s and grew rapidly after the mid-90s (case study: Hong Kong). Even in 2017, there are around 370,000 Domestic Foreign Workers in Hong Kong, consisting of the Philippines 48%, Indonesia 49.4%, and 1.3 from Thailand, the remaining percentage is from other countries both from Asia and not.
 Zou, Shipeng, and Xuegong Yang. Rethinking Marx: Chinese philosophical studies, xxvi. Washington, DC: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 2007. Print