What is Authentication and Verification?
The procedure of identifying a person generally based on a username and password. In security systems, authentication is distinct from authorization, which is the process of giving people access to system objects based on their identification. Authentication simply ensures that the person is who he or she claims to be, however, says nothing about the access rights of the individual.
The primary purpose of authentication technology is to determine whether the person has authentic permission to access the record and to keep manage over having access to your website, in particular, used by the server.
Authentication applies when you need to keep track of users who are using or viewing your website.
Types of Authentication processes.
• Two-factor authentication — two-factor authentication provides an additional layer of protection to the procedure of authentication. 2FA calls for a user provide a second authentication aspect similarly to the password. 2FA systems often require the user to enter a verification code acquired through text message on a preregistered cellular smartphone, or a code generated by using an authentication application.
• Multifactor authentication — Multifactor authentication calls for users to authenticate with multiple authentication factors, which includes a biometric factor like fingerprint or facial recognition, a possession factor like a security key fob or a token generated by using an authenticator app.
• One-time password — A one-time password is a spontaneously generated numeric or alphanumeric string of characters that authenticates a user. This password is only legitimate for one login session or transaction and is commonly used for new users, or for users who lost their passwords and are given a one-time password to log in and change to a new password.
• Three-factor authentication — three-factor authentication (3FA) is a type of MFA that uses three authentication factors, normally a knowledge factor (password) combined with a possession factor (security token) and inherence factor (biometric).
• Biometrics — while some authentication systems can rely solely on biometric identification, biometrics are typically used as a second or third authentication factor. The more common varieties of biometric authentication available consist of fingerprint scans, facial or retina scans and voice recognition.
• Cellular authentication — cell authentication is the method of verifying person through their devices or verifying the devices themselves. This lets customers log into secure locations and sources from anywhere. The cell authentication process includes multifactor authentication that can include one-time passwords, biometric authentication or QR code validation.
• Continuous authentication — With continuous authentication, instead of a user being logged either in or out, an organization’s application continually computes an “authentication score” that measures how sure it is that the account owner is the man or woman who is using the device.
• API authentication — the standard methods of managing API authentication are HTTP basic authentication; API keys and OAuth.
• In HTTP basic authentication, the server requests authentication information, i.e., a username and password, from a client. The client then passes the authentication facts to the server in an authorization header. In the API key authentication method, a first-time user is assigned a unique generated value that indicates that the user is known. Then each time the user tries to enter the system again, his unique key is used to verify that he is the same user who entered the system previously.
Open Authorization (OAuth) is an open standard for token-based authentication and authorization on the internet. OAuth permits a user’s account information to be used by third-party services, such as Facebook, without exposing the user’s password. OAuth acts as an intermediary on behalf of the user, providing the service with an access token that authorizes unique account information to be shared.
User Authentication vs. Machine Authentication
Machines also need to authorize their automated actions within a network. online backup services, patching and updating systems and remote monitoring systems, such as those used in telemedicine and smart grid technologies, all need to securely authenticate to verify that it is the authorized system involved in any interaction and not a hacker.
Machine authentication can be executed with machine credentials much like a user’s identification (ID) and password only submitted by the device in question. They can also use digital certificates issued and verified by a certificate authority as a part of a public key infrastructure to prove identity at the same time as exchanging information over the internet, like a form of digital password.
The procedure of establishing the truth, accuracy and validity of something relevant.
Identification theft is on the rise. With a range of latest high-profile data breaches affecting millions of customers, security has become a subject of utmost interest for all businesses with access to sensitive consumer data. Accurate identity (ID) verification is more and more becoming an important element of knowing your customer (KYC) policies. By having the right KYC technology and processes in place, organizations can gain from not only remaining compliant however also from increased self-belief from customers and clients that they are taking the steps to defend their private information.
In case of fighting fire with fire, the answer to the problem of identity theft lies in the very technology that facilitates it. Organizations are arming themselves with technology built solely for protecting themselves and their customers from viruses, malware, and even conventional mechanisms for identity theft.
KINDS OF VERIFICATION
Biometric verification security system- the method of evaluating a biometric sample against a single reference template of a specific user in order to verify the identification of the individual seeking to gain access to a system.
Data verification- is the method of checking data for accuracy after data migration. There are different kinds of verification:
• Full verification, where all the data is checked
• Sampling verification, in which a small sample of the data is checked
“Data verification can be both expensive and time-consuming to carry out.”