Session 1 — History and Basic Commands’ Linux

This session was developed at Universidad de Garcilazo de La Vega.

  • Part 0: History

The history of Linux began in 1991 with the commencement of a personal project by Finnish student Linus Torvalds to create a new free operating system kernel. Since then, the resulting Linux kernel has been marked by constant growth throughout its history. Since the initial release of its source code in 1991,

Linus Torvalds
  • Part 1: Comands

cd: command to use to access to each directory

ls: command to view the files, each one with their properties

lspci: to viewn the information about our periferics

grep: permit to filter words to the output

Observation: | means that above commands are running, the second after the first.

ifconfig: to show the networks’ informations

less and more: whit these commands you can navigate by the output was printed.

with less
with more

dnf: it’s filemanager that you can install, update, remove, uninstall programs in your SO.

install gimp
install nmap

cat: to print in console the file’s content. It’s necessary that the file is a plain text.

  • Part 2 — Files

Shortcuts in Linux:

This -> links to other directory