I appreciate what these articles are trying to say but most just come across as pseudo-intellectualist . First there is no “West Indian culture” while every island shares a similar history , we’ve developed distinct cultures . Bajan culture is different from Jamaican culture etc . Second, the spirit of reggae and dancehall has always been welcoming and inclusive . So I.e white folks , you can sing “work” as loud as you want . Furthermore, Rihanna is bajan , singing in Jamaican Dancehall in jamaican patois , how is that different from a white person singing “work” in patois or attempted patois? They are both taking on a culture and dialect foreign to their own.